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托福阅读真题练习:语言的文本+题目+答案

2017年12月06日15:54 来源:小站整理
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摘要:托福阅读真题哪里有?大家平时备考托福阅读考试的时候都用的是哪些真题呢?除了TPO的托福阅读真题以外,大家进行托福阅读的练习大多数可能都是根据老托资料或者是课外资料来练习了。那么到哪里去找到托福阅读真题来进行练习呢?

托福阅读如何进行备考?除了大量的托福词汇储备以外,大家可能最需要的就是托福阅读真题的练习。那么除了TPO你还有哪些托福阅读真题进行练习呢?今天小编就为大家整理了托福阅读真题100篇:棉花的文本、题目以及答案,希望可以帮助到大家。

托福阅读真题练习:语言的文本+题目+答案图1

托福阅读100篇真题练习汇总:http://toefl.zhan.com/tfziliao63739.html

托福阅读文本:

Long before they can actually speak, babies pay special attention to the speech they hear

around them. Within the first month of their lives, babies' responses to the sound of the human

voice will be different from their responses to other sorts of auditory stimuli. They will stop crying

when they hear a person talking, but not if they hear a bell or the sound of a rattle. At first, the

sounds that an infant notices might be only those words that receive the heaviest emphasis and that

often occur at the ends of utterances. By the time they are six or seven weeks old, babies can

detect the difference between syllables pronounced with rising and falling inflections. Very soon,

these differences in adult stress and intonation can influence babies' emotional states and behavior.

Long before they develop actual language comprehension, babies can sense when an adult is

playful or angry, attempting to initiate or terminate new behavior, and so on, merely on the basis

of cues such as the rate, volume, and melody of adult speech.

Adults make it as easy as they can for babies to pick up a language by exaggerating such cues.

One researcher observed babies and their mothers in six diverse cultures and found that, in all six

languages, the mothers used simplified syntax, short utterances and nonsense sounds, and

transformed certain sounds into baby talk. Other investigators have noted that when mothers talk

to babies who are only a few months old, they exaggerate the pitch, loudness, and intensity of their

words. They also exaggerate their facial expressions, hold vowels longer, and emphasize certain

words.

More significant for language development than their response to general intonation is

observation that tiny babies can make relatively fine distinctions between speech sounds. In other

words, babies enter the world with the ability to make precisely those perceptual discriminations

that are necessary if they are to acquire aural language.

Babies obviously derive pleasure from sound input, too: even as young as nine months they

will listen to songs or stories, although the words themselves are beyond their understanding. For

babies, language is a sensory-motor delight rather than the route to prosaic meaning that it often is

for adults.

托福阅读题目:

1. What does the passage mainly discuss?

(A) How babies differentiate between the sound of the human voice and other sounds

(B) The differences between a baby's and an adult's ability to comprehend language

(C) How babies perceive and respond to the human voice in their earliest stages of language

development

(D) The response of babies to sounds other than the human voice

2. Why does the author mention a bell and a rattle in lines 4-5?

(A) To contrast the reactions of babies to human and nonhuman sounds

(B) To give examples of sounds that will cause a baby to cry

(C) To explain how babies distinguish between different nonhuman sounds

(D) To give examples of typical toys that babies do not like

3. Why does the author mention syllables pronounced with rising and falling inflections in lines

7-8?

(A) To demonstrate how difficult it is for babies to interpret emotions

(B) To illustrate that a six-week-old baby can already distinguish some language differences

(C) To provide an example of ways adults speak to babies

(D) To give a reason for babies' difficulty in distinguishing one adult from another

4. The word "diverse" in line 14 is closest in meaning to

(A) surrounding

(B) divided

(C) different

(D) stimulating

5. The word "noted" in line 17 is closest in meaning to

(A) theorized

(B) requested

(C) disagreed

(D) observed

6. The word "They" in line 18 refers to

(A) mothers

(B) investigators

(C) babies

(D) words

7. The passage mentions all of the following as ways adults modify their speech when talking to

babies EXCEPT

(A) giving all words equal emphasis

(B) speaking with shorter sentences

(C) speaking more loudly than normal

(D) using meaningless sounds

8. The word "emphasize" in line 19 is closest in meaning to

(A) stress

(B) repeat

(C) explain

(D) leave out

9. Which of the following can be inferred about the findings described in paragraph 2?

(A) Babies who are exposed to more than one language can speak earlier than babies exposed to a

single language.

(B) Mothers from different cultures speak to their babies in similar ways.

(C) Babies ignore facial expressions in comprehending aural language.

(D) The mothers observed by the researchers were consciously teaching their babies to speak.

10. What point does the author make to illustrate that babies are born with the ability to acquire

language?

(A) Babies begin to understand words in songs.

(B) Babies exaggerate their own sounds and expressions.

(C) Babies are more sensitive to sounds than are adults.

(D) Babies notice even minor differences between speech sounds.

11. According to the author, why do babies listen to songs and stories, even though they cannot

understand them?

(A) They understand the rhythm.

(B) They enjoy the sound.

(C) They can remember them easily.

(D) They focus on the meaning of their parents' words.

托福阅读答案:

CABCD AAABD B

以上就是小编为大家整理的托福阅读100篇真题练习:语言的文本、题目以及答案,大家在托福阅读考试进行备考的过程当中也可以拿这些题目来进行练习,相信对于你的托福阅读考试成绩提升会很有帮助。最后,小编预祝大家托福考试能取得理想的成绩。

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