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托福阅读真题练习——旱生植物

2017年12月06日16:33 来源:小站整理
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摘要:托福阅读真题哪里有?大家平时备考托福阅读考试的时候都用的是哪些真题呢?除了TPO的托福阅读真题以外,大家进行托福阅读的练习大多数可能都是根据老托资料或者是课外资料来练习了。那么到哪里去找到托福阅读真题来进行练习呢?

托福阅读如何进行备考?除了大量的托福词汇储备以外,大家可能最需要的就是托福阅读真题的练习。那么除了TPO你还有哪些托福阅读真题进行练习呢?今天小编就为大家整理了托福阅读真题100篇:旱生植物的文本、题目以及答案,希望可以帮助到大家。

托福阅读真题练习——旱生植物图1

托福阅读100篇真题练习汇总:http://toefl.zhan.com/tfziliao63739.html

托福阅读文本:

Geographers say that what defines a place are four properties: soil, climate, altitude, and

aspect, or attitude to the Sun. Florida's ancient scrub demonstrates this principle. Its soil is pure

silica, so barren it supports only lichens as ground cover. It does, however, sustain a

sand-swimming lizard that cannot live where there is moisture or plant matter the soil. Its climate,

despite more than 50 inches of annual rainfall, is blistering desert. The only plant life it can sustain

is the xerophytic, the quintessentially dry. Its altitude is a mere couple of hundred feet, but it is

high ground on a peninsula elsewhere close to sea level, and its drainage is so critical that a

difference of inches in elevation can bring major changes in its plant communities. Its aspect is

flat direct, brutal — and subtropical.

Florida's surrounding lushness cannot impinge on its desert scrubbiness. This does not sound

like an attractive place. It does not look much like one either: shrubby little oaks, clumps of

scraggly bushes prickly pear, thorns, and tangles. "It appears," Said one early naturalist, "to desire

to display the result of the misery through which it has passed and is passing". By our narrow

standards, scrub is not beautiful; neither does it meet our selfish utilitarian needs. Even the name is

an epithet, a synonym for the stunted, the scruffy, the insignificant, what is beautiful about such a

place?

The most important remaining patches of scrub lie along the Lake Wales Ridge, a chain of

paleoislands running for a hundred miles down the center of Florida, in most places less than ten

miles wide. It is relict seashore, tossed up millions of years ago when ocean levels were higher

and the rest of the peninsula was submerged. That ancient emergence is precisely what makes

Lake Wales Ridge so precious: it has remained unsubmerged, its ecosystems essentially

undisturbed since the Miocene era. As a result, it has gathered to itself one of the largest

collections of rare organisms in the world. Only about 75 plant species survive there, but at least

30 of these are found nowhere else on Earth.

托福阅读题目:

1. What does the passage mainly discuss?

(A) How geographers define a place

(B) The characteristics of Florida's ancient scrub

(C)An early naturalist's opinion of Florida

(D) The history of the Lake Wales Ridge

2. The author mentions all of the following factors that define a place EXCEPT

(A) aspect

(B) altitude

(C) soil

(D) life-forms

3. It can be inferred from the passage that soil composed of silica

(A) does not hold moisture

(B) is found only in Florida

(C) nourishes many kinds of ground cover

(D) provides food for many kinds of lizards

4. The word "sustain" in line 6 is closets in meaning to

(A) select

(B) strain

(C) support

(D) store

5. The author mentions the prickly pear (line 12) as an example of

(A) valuable fruit-bearing plants of the scrub area

(B) unattractive plant life of the scrub area

(C) a pant discovered by an early naturalist

(D) plant life that is extremely rare

6. The author suggests that human standards of beauty are

(A) tolerant

(B) idealistic

(C) defensible

(D) limited

7. The word "insignificant" in line 16 is closest in meaning to

(A) unimportant

(B) undisturbed

(C) immature

(D) inappropriate

8.According to the passage , why is the Lake Wales Ridge valuable?

(A) It was originally submerged in the ocean.

(B) It is less than ten miles wide.

(C) It is located near the seashore.

(D) It has ecosystems that have long remained unchanged

9. The word "it" in line 21 refer to

(A) Florida

(B) the peninsula

(C) the Lake Wales Ridge

(D) the Miocene era

10. The passage probably continues with a discussion of

(A) ancient scrub found in other areas of the country

(B) geographers who study Florida's scrub

(C) the climate of the Lake Wales Ridge

(D) the unique plants found on the Lake Wales Ridge

托福阅读答案:

BDACB DADCD

以上就是小编为大家整理的托福阅读100篇真题练习:旱生植物的文本、题目以及答案,大家在托福阅读考试进行备考的过程当中也可以拿这些题目来进行练习,相信对于你的托福阅读考试成绩提升会很有帮助。最后,小编预祝大家托福考试能取得理想的成绩。

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