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2018托福真题解析汇总
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托福阅读真题练习:调查的文本+题目+答案

2017年12月08日15:11 来源:小站整理
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摘要:托福阅读真题哪里有?大家平时备考托福阅读考试的时候都用的是哪些真题呢?除了TPO的托福阅读真题以外,大家进行托福阅读的练习大多数可能都是根据老托资料或者是课外资料来练习了。那么到哪里去找到托福阅读真题来进行练习呢?

托福阅读如何进行备考?除了大量的托福词汇储备以外,大家可能最需要的就是托福阅读真题的练习。那么除了TPO你还有哪些托福阅读真题进行练习呢?今天小编就为大家整理了托福阅读真题100篇:调查的文本、题目以及答案,希望可以帮助到大家。

托福阅读真题练习:调查的文本+题目+答案图1

托福阅读100篇真题练习汇总:http://toefl.zhan.com/tfziliao63739.html

托福阅读文本:

A survey is a study, generally in the form of an interview or a questionnaire that provides

information concerning how people think and act. In the United States, the best-known surveys are

the Gallup poll and the Harris poll. As anyone who watches the news during presidential

campaigns knows, these polls have become an important part of political life in the United States.

North Americans are familiar with the many person-on-the-street interviews on local television

news shows. While such interviews can be highly entertaining, they are not necessarily an

accurate indication of public opinion. First, they reflect the opinions of only those people who

appear at a certain location. Thus, such samples can be biased in favor of commuters, middle-class

shoppers, or factory workers, depending on which area the newspeople select. Second, television

interviews tend to attract outgoing people who are willing to appear on the air, while they frighten

away others who may feel intimidated by a camera. A survey must be based on a precise,

representative sampling if it is to genuinely reflect a broad range of the population.

In preparing to conduct a survey, sociologists must exercise great care in the wording of

questions. An effective survey question must be simple and clear enough for people to understand

it. It must also be specific enough so that there are no problems in interpreting the results. Even

questions that are less structured must be carefully phrased in order to elicit the type of

information desired. Surveys can be indispensable sources of information, but only if the sampling

is done properly and the questions are worded accurately.

There are two main forms of surveys: the interview and the questionnaire. Each of these forms

of survey research has its advantages. An interviewer can obtain a high response rate because

people find it more difficult to turn down a personal request for an interview than to throw away a

written questionnaire. In addition, an interviewer can go beyond written questions and probe for a

subject's underlying feelings and reasons. However, questionnaires have the advantage of being

cheaper and more consistent.

托福阅读题目:

1. What does the passage mainly discuss?

(A) The history of surveys in North America

(B) The principles of conducting surveys

(C) Problems associated with interpreting surveys

(D) The importance of polls inAmerican political life

2. The word "they" in line 8 refers to

(A) NorthAmericans

(B) news shows

(C) interviews

(D) opinions

3.According to the passage , the main disadvantage of person-on-the-street interviews is that they

(A) are not based on a representative sampling

(B) are used only on television

(C) are not carefully worded

(D) reflect political opinions

4. The word "precise" in line 13 is closest in meaning to

(A) planned

(B) rational

(C) required

(D) accurate

5.According to paragraph 3, which of the following is most important for an effective survey?

(A)A high number of respondents

(B) Carefully worded questions

(C)An interviewer's ability to measure respondents' feelings

(D)A sociologist who is able to interpret the results

6. The word "exercise" in line 15 is closest in meaning to

(A) utilize

(B) consider

(C) design

(D) defend

7. The word "elicit" in line 19 is closest in meaning to

(A) compose

(B) rule out

(C) predict

(D) bring out

8. It can be inferred from the passage that one reason that sociologists may become frustrated with

questionnaires is that

(A) respondents often do not complete and return questionnaires

(B) questionnaires are often difficult to read

(C) questionnaires are expensive and difficult to distribute

(D) respondents are too eager to supplement questions with their own opinions

9. According to the passage , one advantage of live interviews over questionnaires is that live

interviews

(A) cost less

(B) can produce more information

(C) are easier to interpret

(D) minimize the influence of the researcher

10. The word "probe" in line 26 is closest in meaning to

(A) explore

(B) influence

(C) analyze

(D) apply

11. Which of the following terms is defined in the passage ?

(A) Survey (line 1)

(B) Public opinion (line 8)

(C) Representative sampling (line 13)

(D) Response rate (line 24)

托福阅读答案:

BCADBADABAA

以上就是小编为大家整理的托福阅读100篇真题练习:调查的文本、题目以及答案,大家在托福阅读考试进行备考的过程当中也可以拿这些题目来进行练习,相信对于你的托福阅读考试成绩提升会很有帮助。最后,小编预祝大家托福考试能取得理想的成绩。

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