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2018托福真题解析汇总
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托福阅读真题练习:动物行为的文本+题目+答案

2017年12月08日14:55 来源:小站整理
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摘要:托福阅读真题哪里有?大家平时备考托福阅读考试的时候都用的是哪些真题呢?除了TPO的托福阅读真题以外,大家进行托福阅读的练习大多数可能都是根据老托资料或者是课外资料来练习了。那么到哪里去找到托福阅读真题来进行练习呢?

托福阅读如何进行备考?除了大量的托福词汇储备以外,大家可能最需要的就是托福阅读真题的练习。那么除了TPO你还有哪些托福阅读真题进行练习呢?今天小编就为大家整理了托福阅读真题100篇:动物行为的文本、题目以及答案,希望可以帮助到大家。

托福阅读真题练习:动物行为的文本+题目+答案图1

托福阅读100篇真题练习汇总:http://toefl.zhan.com/tfziliao63739.html

托福阅读文本:

Some animal behaviorists argue that certain animals can remember past events, anticipate

future ones, make plans and choices, and coordinate activities within a group. These scientists,

however, are cautious about the extent to which animals can be credited with conscious

processing.

Explanations of animal behavior that leave out any sort of consciousness at all and ascribe

actions entirely to instinct leave many questions unanswered. One example of such unexplained

behavior: honeybees communicate the sources of nectar to one another by doing a dance in a

figure-eight pattern. The orientation of the dance conveys the position of the food relative to the

sun's position in the sky, and the speed of the dance tells how far the food source is from the hive.

Most researchers assume that the ability to perform and encode the dance is innate and shows no

special intelligence. But in one study, when experimenters kept changing the site of the food

source, each time moving the food 25 percent farther from the previous site, foraging honeybees

began to anticipate where the food source would appear next. When the researchers arrived at the

new location, they would find the bees circling the spot, waiting for their food. No one has yet

explained how bees, whose brains weigh four ten-thousandths of an ounce, could have inferred the

location of the new site.

Other behaviors that may indicate some cognition include tool use. Many animals, like the

otter who uses a stone to crack mussel shells, are capable of using objects in the natural

environment as rudimentary tools. One researcher has found that mother chimpanzees

occasionally show their young how to use tools to open hard nuts. In one study, chimpanzees

compared two pairs of food wells containing chocolate chips. One pair might contain, say, five

chips and three chips, the other four chips and three chips. Allowed to choose which pair they

wanted, the chimpanzees almost always chose the one with the higher total, showing some sort of

summing ability. Other chimpanzees have learned to use numerals to label quantities of items and

do simple sums.

托福阅读题目:

1. What does the passage mainly discuss?

(A) The role of instinct in animal behavior

(B) Observations that suggest consciousness in animal behavior

(C) The use of food in studies of animal behavior

(D) Differences between the behavior of animals in their natural environments and in laboratory

experiments.

2. Which of the following is NOT discussed as an ability animals are thought to have?

(A) Selecting among choices

(B)Anticipating events to come

(C) Remembering past experiences

(D) Communicating emotions

3. What is the purpose of the honeybee dance?

(A) To determine the quantity of food at a site

(B) To communicate the location of food

(C) To increase the speed of travel to food sources

(D) To identify the type of nectar that is available

4. The word "yet" in line 15 is closest in meaning to

(A) however

(B) since

(C) generally

(D) so far

5. What did researchers discover in the study of honeybees discussed in paragraph 2?

(A) Bees are able to travel at greater speeds than scientists thought.

(B) The bees could travel 25% farther than scientists expected.

(C) The bees were able to determine in advance where scientists would place their food.

(D) Changing the location of food caused bees to decrease their dance activity.

6. It can be inferred from the passage that brain size is assumed to

(A) be an indicator of cognitive ability

(B) vary among individuals within a species

(C) be related to food consumption

(D) correspond to levels of activity

7. Why are otters and mussel shells included in the discussion in paragraph 3?

(A) To provide an example of tool use among animals

(B) To prove that certain species demonstrate greater ability in tool use than other species

(C) To illustrate how otters are using objects as tools

(D) To demonstrate why mother chimpanzees show their young how to use tools

8. The word "rudimentary" in line 20 is closest in meaning to

(A) superior

(B) original

(C) basic

(D) technical

9. It can be inferred from the statement about mother chimpanzees and their young (lines 20-22)

that young chimpanzees have difficulty

(A) communicating with their mothers

(B) adding quantities

(C) making choices

(D) opening hard nuts

10. The phrase "the one" in line 24-25 refers to the

(A) study

(B) pair

(C) chimpanzee

(D) ability

11. Scientists concluded from the experiment with chimpanzees and chocolate chips that

chimpanzees

(A) lack abilities that other primates have

(B) prefer to work in pairs or groups

(C) exhibit behavior that indicates certain mathematical abilities

(D) have difficulty selecting when given choices

托福阅读答案:

BDBDCAACDB C

以上就是小编为大家整理的托福阅读100篇真题练习:动物行为的文本、题目以及答案,大家在托福阅读考试进行备考的过程当中也可以拿这些题目来进行练习,相信对于你的托福阅读考试成绩提升会很有帮助。最后,小编预祝大家托福考试能取得理想的成绩。

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