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托福阅读真题练习:红色陶器的文本+题目+答案

2017年12月06日16:54 来源:小站整理
参与(1) 阅读(404)
摘要:托福阅读真题哪里有?大家平时备考托福阅读考试的时候都用的是哪些真题呢?除了TPO的托福阅读真题以外,大家进行托福阅读的练习大多数可能都是根据老托资料或者是课外资料来练习了。那么到哪里去找到托福阅读真题来进行练习呢?

托福阅读如何进行备考?除了大量的托福词汇储备以外,大家可能最需要的就是托福阅读真题的练习。那么除了TPO你还有哪些托福阅读真题进行练习呢?今天小编就为大家整理了托福阅读真题100篇:红色陶器的文本、题目以及答案,希望可以帮助到大家。

托福阅读真题练习:红色陶器的文本+题目+答案图1

托福阅读100篇真题练习汇总:http://toefl.zhan.com/tfziliao63739.html

托福阅读文本:

In the North American colonies, red ware, a simple pottery fired at low temperatures, and

stone ware, a strong, impervious grey pottery fired at high temperatures, were produced from two

different native clays. These kinds of pottery were produced to supplement imported European

pottery. When the American Revolution (1775-1783) interrupted the flow of the superior European

ware, there was incentive for American potters to replace the imports with comparable domestic

goods. Stoneware, which had been simple, utilitarian kitchenware, grew increasingly ornate

throughout the nineteenth century, and in addition to the earlier scratched and drawn designs,

three-dimensional molded relief decoration became popular. Representational motifs largely

replaced the earlier abstract decorations. Birds and flowers were particularly evident, but other

subjects — lions, flags, and clipper ships — are found. Some figurines, mainly of dogs and lions,

were made in this medium. Sometimes a name, usually that of the potter, was die-stamped onto a

piece.

As more and more large kilns were built to create the high-fired stoneware, experiments

revealed that the same clay used to produce low-fired red ware could produce a stronger, paler

pottery if fired at a hotter temperature. The result was yellow ware, used largely for serviceable

items; but a further development was Rockingham ware — one of the most important American

ceramics of the nineteenth century. (The name of the ware was probably derived from its

resemblance to English brown-glazed earthenware made in South Yorkshire.) It was created by

adding a brown glaze to the fired clay, usually giving the finished product a mottled appearance.

Various methods of spattering or sponging the glaze onto the ware account for the extremely wide

variations in color and add to the interest of collecting Rockingham. An advanced form of

Rockingham was flint enamel, created by dusting metallic powders onto the Rockingham glaze to

produce brilliant varicolored streaks.

Articles for nearly every household activity and ornament could be bought in Rockingham

ware: dishes and bowls, of course; also bedpans, foot warmers, cuspidors, lamp bases, doorknobs,

molds, picture frames, even curtain tiebacks. All these items are highly collectible today and are

eagerly sought. A few Rockingham specialties command particular affection among collectors and

correspondingly high prices.

托福阅读题目:

1. Why did the potters discussed in the passage change the kind of pottery they made?

A) They discovered a new kind of clay.

B) They were compensation for the loss of an overseas supplier.

C) They studied new techniques in Europe.

D) The pottery they had been producing was not very strong.

2. The word "ornate" in line 7 is closest in meaning to

A) elaborate

B) puzzling

C) durable

D) common

3. The passage suggests that the earliest stoneware

A) was decorated with simple, abstract designs

B) used three-dimensional decorations

C) was valued for its fancy decorations

D) had no decoration

4. How did yellow ware achieve its distinctive color?

A) by sponging on a glaze

B) by dusting on metallic powders

C) by brown-glazing

D) by firing at a high temperature

5. The phrase "derived from" in line 19 is closest in meaning to

A) ruined by

B) warned against

C) based on

D) sold by

6. The word "It" in line 20 refers to

A) red ware

B) yellow ware

C) Rockingham ware

D) English brown-glazed earthenware

7. The word "Various" in line 21 is closest in meaning to

A) complicated

B) accepted

C) careful

D) different

8. The phrase "account for" in line 22 is closest in meaning to

A) explain

B) restrict

C) finance

D) supplement

9. What was special about flint enamel?

A) its even metallic shine

B) its mottled appearance

C) its spattered effect

D) its varicolored streaks

10. Which of the following kinds of Rockingham ware were probably produced in the greatest

quantity?

A) picture frames

B) dishes and bowls

C) curtain tiebacks

D) doorknobs

11. The passage would most probably continue with a discussion of

A) what bedpans, foot warmers, and cuspidors were used for

B) well-known, modern-day potters who make Rockingham ware

C) examples of Rockingham ware that collectors especially want

D) pieces of Rockingham ware that are inexpensive in today's market

托福阅读答案:

BAADC CDADB C

以上就是小编为大家整理的托福阅读100篇真题练习:红色陶器的文本、题目以及答案,大家在托福阅读考试进行备考的过程当中也可以拿这些题目来进行练习,相信对于你的托福阅读考试成绩提升会很有帮助。最后,小编预祝大家托福考试能取得理想的成绩。

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