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托福阅读真题练习:彗星的文本+题目+答案

2017年12月06日15:41 来源:小站整理
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摘要:托福阅读真题哪里有?大家平时备考托福阅读考试的时候都用的是哪些真题呢?除了TPO的托福阅读真题以外,大家进行托福阅读的练习大多数可能都是根据老托资料或者是课外资料来练习了。那么到哪里去找到托福阅读真题来进行练习呢?

托福阅读如何进行备考?除了大量的托福词汇储备以外,大家可能最需要的就是托福阅读真题的练习。那么除了TPO你还有哪些托福阅读真题进行练习呢?今天小编就为大家整理了托福阅读真题100篇:彗星的文本、题目以及答案,希望可以帮助到大家。

托福阅读真题练习:彗星的文本+题目+答案图1

托福阅读100篇真题练习汇总:http://toefl.zhan.com/tfziliao63739.html

托福阅读文本:

No two comets ever look identical, but they have basic features in common, one of the most obvious of which is a coma. A coma looks like a misty, patch of light with one or more tails often streaming from it in the direction away from the sun.

At the heart of a comet's coma lies a nucleus of solid material, typically no more than 10 kilometers across. The visible coma is a huge cloud of gas and dust that has escaped from the nucleus, which then surrounds like an extended atmosphere. The coma can extend as far as a million kilometers outward from the nucleus. Around the coma there is often an even larger invisible envelope of hydrogen gas.

The most graphic proof that the grand spectacle of a comet develops from a relatively small and inconspicuous chunk of ice and dust was the close-up image obtained in 1986 by the European Giotto probe of the nucleus of Halley's Comet. It turned out to be a bit like a very dark asteroid, measuring 16 by 8 kilometers. Ices have evaporated from its outer layers to leave a crust of nearly black dust all over the surface. Bright jets of gas from evaporating ice burst out on the side facing the Sun, where the surface gets heated up, carrying dust with them. This is how the coma and the tails are created.

Comets grow tails only when they get warm enough for ice and dust to boil off. As a comet's orbit brings it closer to the sun, first the coma grows, then two distinct tails usually form. One, the less common kind, contains electrically charged (i.e., ionized) atoms of gas, which are blown off directly in the direction away from the Sun by the magnetic field of the solar wind. The other tail is made of neutral dust particles, which get gently pushed back by the pressure of the sunlight itself. Unlike the ion tail, which is straight, the dust tail becomes curved as the particles follow their own orbits around the Sun.

托福阅读题目:

1. The passage focuses on comets primarily in terms of their

(A) orbital patterns

(B) coma and tails

(C) brightness

(D) size

2. The word "identical" in line 1 is closest in meaning to

(A) equally fast

(B) exactly alike

(C) near each other

(D) invisible

3. The word "heart" in line 4 is closest in meaning to

(A) center

(B) edge

(C) tail

(D) beginning

4. Why does the author mention the Giotto probe in paragraph 3?

(A) It had a relatively small and inconspicuous nucleus.

(B) It was very similar to an asteroid.

(C) It was covered with an unusual black dust.

(D) It provided visual evidence of the makeup of a comet's nucleus.

5. It can be inferred from the passage that the nucleus of a comet is made up of

(A) dust and gas

(B) ice and dust

(C) hydrogen gas

(D) electrically charged atoms

6. The word "graphic" in line 9 is closest in meaning to

(A) mathematical

(B) popular

(C) unusual

(D) vivid

7. Which of the following occurred as the ices from Halley's Comet evaporated?

(A) Black dust was left on the comet's surface.

(B) The nucleus of the comet expanded.

(C) The tail of the comet straightened out.

(D) Jets of gas caused the comet to increase its speed.

8.All of the following statements about the tails of comets are true EXCEPT:

(A) They can contain electrically charged or neutral particles.

(B) They can be formed only when there is sufficient heat.

(C) They are formed before the coma expands.

(D) They always point in the direction away from the Sun.

9. The word "distinct" in line 17 is closest in meaning to

(A) visible

(B) gaseous

(C) separate

(D) new

10. Compared to the tail of electrically charged atoms, the tail of neutral dust particles is relatively

(A) long

(B) curved

(C) unpredictable

(D) bright

托福阅读答案:

BBADB DACCB

以上就是小编为大家整理的托福阅读100篇真题练习:彗星的文本、题目以及答案,大家在托福阅读考试进行备考的过程当中也可以拿这些题目来进行练习,相信对于你的托福阅读考试成绩提升会很有帮助。最后,小编预祝大家托福考试能取得理想的成绩。

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