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托福阅读真题练习:art deco的文本+题目+答案

2017年12月11日17:48 来源:小站整理
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摘要:托福阅读真题哪里有?大家平时备考托福阅读考试的时候都用的是哪些真题呢?除了TPO的托福阅读真题以外,大家进行托福阅读的练习大多数可能都是根据老托资料或者是课外资料来练习了。那么到哪里去找到托福阅读真题来进行练习呢?

托福阅读如何进行备考?除了大量的托福词汇储备以外,大家可能最需要的就是托福阅读真题的练习。那么除了TPO你还有哪些托福阅读真题进行练习呢?今天小编就为大家整理了托福阅读真题100篇:art deco的文本、题目以及答案,希望可以帮助到大家。

托福阅读真题练习:art deco的文本+题目+答案图1

托福阅读100篇真题练习汇总:http://toefl.zhan.com/tfziliao63739.html

托福阅读文本

The term "art deco" has come to encompass three distinct but related design trends of the

The term "art deco" has come to encompass three distinct but related design trends of the

1920's and 1930's. The first was what is frequently referred to as "zigzag moderne" — the

exotically ornamental style of such skyscrapers as the Chrysler Building in New York City and

related structures such as the Paramount Theater in Oakland, California. The word "zigzag"

alludes to the geometric and stylized ornamentation of zigzags, angular patterns, abstracted plant

and animal motifs, sunbursts, astrological imagery, formalized fountains, and related themes that

were applied in mosaic relief, and mural form to the exterior and interior of the buildings. Many of

these buildings were shaped in the ziggurat form, a design resembling an ancient Mesopotamian

temple tower that recedes in progressively smaller stages to the summit, creating a staircase-like

effect.

The second manifestation of art deco was the 1930's "streamlined moderne" style — a

Futuristic-looking aerodynamic style of rounded corners and horizontal bands known as "speed

stripes". In architecture, these elements were frequently accompanied by round windows,

extensive use of glass block, and flat rooftops.

The third style, referred to as either "international stripped classicism," or simply "classical

moderne," also came to the forefront during the Depression, a period of severe economic difficult

in the 1930's. This was a more conservative style, blending a simplified modernistic style with a

more austere form of geometric and stylized relief sculpture and other ornament, including interior

murals. Many buildings in this style were erected nationwide through government programs

during the Depression.

Although art deco in its many forms was largely perceived as thoroughly modern, it was

strongly influenced by the decorative arts movements that immediately preceded it. For example,

like "art nouveau" (1890-1910), art deco also used plant motifs, but regularized the forms into

abstracted repetitive patterns rather than presenting them as flowing, asymmetrical foliage, like the

Viennese craftspeople of the Wiener Werkstatte, art deco designers worked with exotic materials,

geometricized shapes, and colorfully ornate patterns. Furthermore, like the artisans of the Arts and

Crafts Movement in England and the United States, art deco practitioners considered it their

mission to transform the domestic environment through well-designed furniture and household

accessories.

托福阅读题目:

1. What aspect of "art deco" does the passage mainly discuss?

(A) The influence of art deco on the design of furniture and household accessories

(B) Ways in which government programs encouraged the development of art deco

(C)Architectural manifestations of art deco during the 1920's and 1930's

(D) Reasons for the popularity of art deco in New York and California

2. The word "encompass" in line 1 is closest in meaning to

(A) separate

(B) include

(C) replace

(D) enhance

3. The phrase "The first" in line 2 refers to

(A) the term "art deco"

(B) design trends

(C) the 1920's and 1930's

(D) skyscrapers

4. In line 9, the author mentions "an ancient Mesopotamian temple tower " in order to

(A) describe the exterior shape of certain "art deco" buildings

(B) explain the differences between ancient and modern architectural steles

(C) emphasize the extent of architectural advances

(D) argue for a return to more traditional architectural design

5. The streamlined moderne style is characterized by all of the following EXCEPT

(A) animal motifs

(B) flat roofs

(C) round windows

(D) "speed stripes"

6. The phrase "came to the forefront" in line 16 is closest in meaning to

(A) grew in complexity

(B) went through a process

(C) changed its approach

(D) became important

7. According to the passage , which of the following statements most accurately describes the

relationship between art deco and art nouveau?

(A) They were art forms that competed with each other for government support during the

Depression era.

(B) They were essentially the same art form.

(C)Art nouveau preceded art deco and influenced it.

(D)Art deco became important in the United States while art nouveau became popular in England.

8. According to the passage , a building having an especially ornate appearance would most

probably have been designed in the style of

(A) zigzag moderne

(B) streamlined moderne

(C) classical moderne

(D) the Arts and Crafts Movement

9. According to the passage , which of the following design trends is known by more than one

name?

(A) Zigzag moderne

(B) Streamlined moderne

(C) International stripped classicism

(D)Arts and Crafts Movement

10. The passage is primarily developed as

(A) the historical chronology of a movement

(B) a description of specific buildings that became famous for their unusual beauty

(C) an analysis of various trends within an artistic movement

(D) an argument of the advantages of one artistic form over another

托福阅读答案:

CBBAA DCACC

以上就是小编为大家整理的托福阅读100篇真题练习:art deco的文本、题目以及答案,大家在托福阅读考试进行备考的过程当中也可以拿这些题目来进行练习,相信对于你的托福阅读考试成绩提升会很有帮助。最后,小编预祝大家托福考试能取得理想的成绩。

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