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托福阅读真题练习:元古宙岩石的文本+题目+答案

2017年12月11日18:22 来源:小站整理
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摘要:托福阅读真题哪里有?大家平时备考托福阅读考试的时候都用的是哪些真题呢?除了TPO的托福阅读真题以外,大家进行托福阅读的练习大多数可能都是根据老托资料或者是课外资料来练习了。那么到哪里去找到托福阅读真题来进行练习呢?

托福阅读如何进行备考?除了大量的托福词汇储备以外,大家可能最需要的就是托福阅读真题的练习。那么除了TPO你还有哪些托福阅读真题进行练习呢?今天小编就为大家整理了托福阅读真题100篇:元古宙岩石的文本、题目以及答案,希望可以帮助到大家。

托福阅读真题练习:元古宙岩石的文本+题目+答案图1

托福阅读100篇真题练习汇总:http://toefl.zhan.com/tfziliao63739.html

托福阅读文本:

There are only a few clues in the rock record about climate in the Proterozoic eon. Much of

our information about climate in the more recent periods of geologic history comes from the fossil

record, because we have a reasonably good understanding of the types of environment in which

many fossil organisms flourished. The scarce fossils of the Proterozoic, mostly single-celled

bacteria, provide little evidence in this regard. However, the rocks themselves do include the

earliest evidence for glaciation, probably a global ice age.

The inference that some types of sedimentary rocks are the result of glacial activity is based on

the principle of uniformitarianism, which posits that natural processes now at work on and within

the Earth operated in the same manner in the distant past. The deposits associated with present-day

glaciers have been well studied, and some of their characteristics are quite distinctive. In

2.3-billion-year-old rocks in Canada near Lake Huron (dating from the early part of the

Proterozoic age), there are thin laminae of fine-grained sediments that resemble varves, the annual

layers of sediment deposited in glacial lakes. Typically, present-day varves show two-layered

annual cycle, one layer corresponding to the rapid ice melting and sediment transport of the

summer season, and the other, finer-grained, layer corresponding to slower winter deposition.

Although it is not easy to discern such details in the Proterozoic examples, they are almost

certainly glacial varves. These fine-grained, layered sediments even contain occasional large

pebbles or "dropstones," a characteristic feature of glacial environments where coarse material is

sometimes carried on floating ice and dropped far from its source, into otherwise very fine grained

sediment. Glacial sediments of about the same age as those in Canada have been found in other

parts of North America and in Africa, India, and Europe. This indicates that the glaciation was

global, and that for a period of time in the early Proterozoic the Earth was gripped in an ice age.

Following the early Proterozoic glaciation, however, the climate appears to have been fairly

benign for a very long time. There is no evidence for glaciation for the next 1.5 billion years or so.

Then, suddenly, the rock record indicates a series of glacial episodes between about 850 and 600

million year ago, near the end of the Proterozoic eon.

托福阅读题目:

1. Which of the following does the passage mainly discuss?

(A) How patterns in rock layers have been used to construct theories about the climate of the

Proterozoic age

(B) What some rare fossils indicate about glacial conditions during the late Proterozoic age

(C) The varying characteristics of Proterozoic glacial varves in different parts of the world

(D) The number of glacial episodes that the Earth has experienced since the Proterozoic age

2.According to the passage , the fossil record of the Proterozoic eon is

(A) highly regarded because it preserves the remains of many kinds of organisms

(B) less informative than the fossil record of more recent periods

(C) very difficult to interpret due to damage from bacteria

(D) more useful to researchers than otheraspects of the rock record

3. The word "scarce" in line 4 is closest in meaning to

(A) ancient

(B) tiny

(C) available

(D) rare

4. It can be inferred from the passage that the principle of uniformitarianism indicates that

(A) similar conditions produce similar rock formations

(B) rock layers in a given region remain undisturbed over time

(C) different kinds of sedimentary rocks may have similar origins

(D) each continent has its own distinctive pattern of sediment layers

5. The word "resemble" in line 14 is closest in meaning to

(A) result from

(B) penetrate

(C) look like

(D) replace have similar origins

6.According to the passage , the layers in varves are primarily formed by

(A) fossilized bacteria

(B) pieces of ancient dropstones

(C) a combination of ancient and recent sediments

(D) annual cycles of sediment transport and deposition

7. The phrase "the other" in line 17 refers to another

(A) annual cycle

(B) glacial lake

(C) layer of sediment

(D) season

8.According to the passage , the presence of dropstones indicates that

(A) the glacial environment has been unusually servere

(B) the fine-grained sediment has built up very slowly

(C) there has been a global ice age

(D) coarse rock material has been carried great distances

9. Why does the author mention Canada, North America,Africa, India, and Europe in lines 23-24?

(A) To demonstrate the global spread of dropstones

(B) To explain the principles of varve formation

(C) To provide evidence for the theory that there was a global ice age in the early Proterozoic eon

(D) To illustrate the varied climatic changes of the Proterozoic eon in different parts of the globe

10. Which of the following terms is defined in the passage ?

(A) fossil record (line 3)

(B) laminae (line 13)

(C) varves (line14)

(D) glacial episodes (line 28)

托福阅读答案:

ABDAC DCCCC

以上就是小编为大家整理的托福阅读100篇真题练习:元古宙岩石的文本、题目以及答案,大家在托福阅读考试进行备考的过程当中也可以拿这些题目来进行练习,相信对于你的托福阅读考试成绩提升会很有帮助。最后,小编预祝大家托福考试能取得理想的成绩。

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