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托福阅读真题练习:宅地法的文本+题目+答案

2017年12月12日15:31 来源:小站整理
参与(1) 阅读(891)
摘要:托福阅读真题哪里有?大家平时备考托福阅读考试的时候都用的是哪些真题呢?除了TPO的托福阅读真题以外,大家进行托福阅读的练习大多数可能都是根据老托资料或者是课外资料来练习了。那么到哪里去找到托福阅读真题来进行练习呢?

托福阅读如何进行备考?除了大量的托福词汇储备以外,大家可能最需要的就是托福阅读真题的练习。那么除了TPO你还有哪些托福阅读真题进行练习呢?今天小编就为大家整理了托福阅读真题100篇:宅地法的文本、题目以及答案,希望可以帮助到大家。

托福阅读真题练习:宅地法的文本+题目+答案图1

托福阅读100篇真题练习汇总:http://toefl.zhan.com/tfziliao63739.html

托福阅读文本:

The Homestead Act of 1862 gave heads of families or individuals aged twenty-one or older the

right to own 160 acres of public land in the western United States after five years of residence and

improvement. This law was intended to provide land for small farmers and to prevent land from

being bought for resale at a profit or being owned by large landholders. An early amendment to

the act even prevented husbands and wives from filing separate claims. The West, land reformers

had assumed, would soon contain many 160-acre family farms.

They were doomed to disappointment. Most landless Americans were too poor to become

farmers even when they could obtain land without cost. The expense of moving a family to the

ever-receding frontier exceeded the means of many, and the cost of tools, draft animals, a wagon,

a well, fencing, and of building the simplest house, might come to $1,000 — a formidable barrier.

As for the industrial workers for whom the free land was supposed to provide a "safety valve,"

they had neither the skills nor the inclination to become farmers. Homesteaders usually came from

districts not far removed from frontier conditions. And despite the intent of the law, speculators

often managed to obtain large tracts. They hired people to stake out claims, falsely swear that they

had fulfilled the conditions laid down in the law for obtaining legal title, and then deed the land

over to their employers.

Furthermore, 160 acres were not enough for raising livestock or for the kind of commercial

agriculture that was developing west of the Mississippi. The national government made a feeble

attempt to make larger holdings available to homesteaders by passing the Timber Culture Act of

1873, which permitted individuals to claim an additional 160 acres if they would agree to plant a

quarter of it in trees within ten years. This law proved helpful to some farmers in the largely

treeless states of Kansas, Nebraska, and the Dakotas. Nevertheless, fewer than 25 percent of the

245,000 who took up land under theAct obtained final title to the property.

托福阅读题目:

1. Which aspect of the Homestead Act of 1862 does the passage mainly discuss?

(A) How it transformed the western United States into a place of small farms

(B) Why it was an improvement over previous attempts at land reform

(C) Why it did not achieve its aim to provide land for small farmers

(D) How it failed in the largely treeless states of Kansas, Nebraska, and the Dakotas

2.An amendment added to the Homestead Act of 1862 specified that

(A) five years of residence was required for landownership

(B) husbands and wives could not file separate claims

(C) the price of 160 acres of land was $1,000

(D) land could not be resold for a profit

3. The word "formidable" in line 12 is closest in meaning to

(A) obvious

(B) predictable

(C) difficult

(D) manageable

4. It can be inferred that the "safety valve" in line 13 refers to

(A) a new kind of machinery

(B) an alternative for urban workers

(C) an area in a factory

(D) a procedure designed to protect workers

5. The word "intent" in line 15 is closest in meaning to

(A) purpose

(B) power

(C) effect

(D) invention

6.According to the passage , why did the government pass the Timber CultureAct of 1873?

(A) to make larger tracts of land available to small farmers

(B) to settle Kansas, Nebraska, and the Dakotas

(C) to encourage land speculation west of the Mississippi

(D) to increase the variety of trees growing in the western states

7. The word "they" in line 23 refers to

(A) larger holdings

(B) individuals

(C) 160 acres

(D) trees

8. According to the passage , how many of the farmers who settled land under the Timber Culture

Act of 1873 received final title to the property?

(A) fewer than 25%

(B) more than 160

(C) 10% per year

(D) 245,000

9. The passage mentions all of the following as reasons the Homestead Act of 1862 did not

achieve its aims EXCEPT:

(A) Most landless Americans could not afford the necessary tools and provisions.

(B) Industrial workers lacked the necessary farming skills.

(C) The farms were too large for single families to operate successfully.

(D) Homesteaders usually came from areas relatively close to the frontier.

10. Which of the following can be inferred from the passage about the Timber Culture Act of

1873?

(A) It especially helped farmers with large holdings of land.

(B) It was most important to farmers living in states that had plenty of trees.

(C) The majority of farmers did not benefit significantly from it.

(D) The majority of farmers did not need the extra 160 acres it provided.

托福阅读答案:

CBCDAABACC

以上就是小编为大家整理的托福阅读100篇真题练习:宅地法的文本、题目以及答案,大家在托福阅读考试进行备考的过程当中也可以拿这些题目来进行练习,相信对于你的托福阅读考试成绩提升会很有帮助。最后,小编预祝大家托福考试能取得理想的成绩。

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