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托福阅读真题练习:版权法的文本+题目+答案

2017年12月08日17:38 来源:小站整理
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摘要:托福阅读真题哪里有?大家平时备考托福阅读考试的时候都用的是哪些真题呢?除了TPO的托福阅读真题以外,大家进行托福阅读的练习大多数可能都是根据老托资料或者是课外资料来练习了。那么到哪里去找到托福阅读真题来进行练习呢?

托福阅读如何进行备考?除了大量的托福词汇储备以外,大家可能最需要的就是托福阅读真题的练习。那么除了TPO你还有哪些托福阅读真题进行练习呢?今天小编就为大家整理了托福阅读真题100篇:版权法的文本、题目以及答案,希望可以帮助到大家。

托福阅读真题练习:版权法的文本+题目+答案图1

托福阅读100篇真题练习汇总:http://toefl.zhan.com/tfziliao63739.html

托福阅读文本:

The lack of printing regulations and the unenforceability of British copyright law in the

American colonies made it possible for colonial printers occasionally to act as publishers.

Although they rarely undertook major publishing project because it was difficult to sell books as

cheaply as they could be imported from Europe, printers in Philadelphia did publish work that

required only small amounts of capital, paper, and type. Broadsides could be published with

minimal financial risk. Consisting of only one sheet of paper and requiring small amounts of type,

broadsides involved lower investments of capital than longer works. Furthermore, the broadside

format lent itself to subjects of high, if temporary, interest, enabling them to meet with ready sale.

If the broadside printer miscalculated, however, and produced a sheet that did not sell, it was not

likely to be a major loss, and the printer would know this immediately, There would be no

agonizing wait with large amounts of capital tied up, books gathering dust on the shelves, and

creditors impatient for payment.

In addition to broadsides, books and pamphlets, consisting mainly of political tracts,

catechisms, primers, and chapbooks were relatively inexpensive to print and to buy. Chapbooks

were pamphlet-sized books, usually containing popular tales, ballads, poems, short plays, and

jokes, small, both in formal and number of pages, they were generally bound simply, in boards (a

form of cardboard) or merely stitched in paper wrappers (a sewn antecedent of modern-day

paperbacks). Pamphlets and chapbooks did not require fine paper or a great deal of type to

produce they could thus be printed in large, cost-effective editions and sold cheaply.

By far, the most appealing publishing investments were to be found in small books that had

proven to be steady sellers, providing a reasonably reliable source of income for the publisher.

They would not, by nature, be highly topical or political, as such publications would prove of

fleeting interest. Almanacs, annual publications that contained information on astronomy and

weather patterns arranged according to the days, week, and months of a given year, provided the

perfect steady seller because their information pertained to the locale in which they would be used.

托福阅读题目:

1. Which aspect of colonial printing does the passage mainly discuss?

(A) Laws governing the printing industry.

(B) Competition among printers

(C) Types of publications produced

(D)Advances in printing technology

2.According to the passage , why did colonial printers avoid major publishing projects?

(A) Few colonial printers owned printing machinery that was large enough to handle major

projects.

(B) There was inadequate shipping available in the colonies.

(C) Colonial printers could not sell their work for a competitive price.

(D) Colonial printers did not have the skills necessary to undertake large publishing projects.

3. Broadsides could be published with little risk to colonial printers because they

(A) required a small financial investment and sold quickly

(B) were in great demand in European markets

(C) were more popular with colonists than chapbooks and pamphlets

(D) generally dealt with topics of long-term interest to many colonists

4. The word "they" in line 17 refers to

(A) chapbooks

(B) tales

(C) jokes

(D) pages

5. The word "antecedent" in line 19 is closest in meaning to

(A) predecessor

(B) format

(C) imitation

(D) component

6. Chapbooks produced in colonialAmerica were characterized by

(A) fine paper

(B) cardboard covers

(C) elaborate decoration

(D) a large number of pages

7. The word "appealing" in line 22 is closest in meaning to

(A) dependable

(B) respectable

(C) enduring

(D) attractive

8. What were "steady sellers" (line 23)?

(A) Printers whose incomes were quite large

(B) People who traveled from town to town selling Books and pamphlets

(C) Investors who provided reliable financial Support for new printers

(D) Publications whose sales were usually consistent from year to year

9. The word "locale" in line 28 is closest in meaning to

(A) topic

(B) season

(C) interest

(D) place

10.All of the following are defined in the passage EXCEPT

(A) "Broadsides" (line 6)

(B) "catechisms" (line 15)

(C) "chapbooks" (line l6)

(D) "Almanacs" (line 25)

托福阅读答案:

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以上就是小编为大家整理的托福阅读100篇真题练习:版权法的文本、题目以及答案,大家在托福阅读考试进行备考的过程当中也可以拿这些题目来进行练习,相信对于你的托福阅读考试成绩提升会很有帮助。最后,小编预祝大家托福考试能取得理想的成绩。

感觉茅塞顿开?现在就去练练手吧!
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