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2018托福真题解析汇总
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托福阅读真题练习:小提琴的文本+题目+答案

2017年12月12日16:33 来源:小站整理
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摘要:托福阅读真题哪里有?大家平时备考托福阅读考试的时候都用的是哪些真题呢?除了TPO的托福阅读真题以外,大家进行托福阅读的练习大多数可能都是根据老托资料或者是课外资料来练习了。那么到哪里去找到托福阅读真题来进行练习呢?

托福阅读如何进行备考?除了大量的托福词汇储备以外,大家可能最需要的就是托福阅读真题的练习。那么除了TPO你还有哪些托福阅读真题进行练习呢?今天小编就为大家整理了托福阅读真题100篇:小提琴的文本、题目以及答案,希望可以帮助到大家。

托福阅读真题练习:小提琴的文本+题目+答案图1

托福阅读100篇真题练习汇总:http://toefl.zhan.com/tfziliao63739.html

托福阅读文本:

Of all modern instruments, the violin is apparently one of the simplest. It consists in essence of

a hollow, varnished wooden sound box, or resonator, and a long neck, covered with a fingerboard,

along which four strings are stretched at high tension. The beauty of design, shape, and decoration

is no accident: the proportions of the instrument are determined almost entirely by acoustical

considerations. Its simplicity of appearance is deceptive. About 70 parts are involved in the

construction of a violin. Its tone and its outstanding range of expressiveness make it an ideal solo

instrument. No less important, however, is its role as an orchestral and chamber instrument. In

combination with the larger and deeper-sounding members of the same family, the violins form

the nucleus of the modern symphony orchestra.

The violin has been in existence since about 1550. Its importance as an instrument in its own

right dates from the early 1600's, when it first became standard in Italian opera orchestras. Its

stature as an orchestral instrument was raised further when in 1626 Louis XIII of France

established at his court the orchestra known as Les vingt-quatre violins du Roy (The King's 24

Violins), which was to become widely famous later in the century.

In its early history, the violin had a dull and rather quiet tone resulting from the fact that the

strings were thick and were attached to the body of the instrument very loosely. During the

eighteenth and nineteenth century, exciting technical changes were inspired by such

composer-violinists as Vivaldi and Tartini. Their instrumental compositions demanded a fuller,

clearer, and more brilliant tone that was produced by using thinner strings and a far higher string

tension. Small changes had to be made to the violin's internal structure and to the fingerboard so

that they could withstand the extra strain. Accordingly, a higher standard of performance was

achieved, in terms of both facility and interpretation. Left-hand technique was considerably

elaborated, and new fingering patterns on the fingerboard were developed for very high notes.

托福阅读题目:

1. The word "standard" in line 12 is closest in meaning to

(A) practical

(B) customary

(C) possible

(D) unusual

2. "The King's 24 Violins" is mentioned in line 15 to illustrate

(A) how the violin became a renowned instrument

(B) the competition in the 1600's between French and Italian orchestras

(C) the superiority of French violins

(D) why the violin was considered the only instrument suitable to be played by royalty

3. What is the main idea presented in paragraph 3?

(A) The violin has been modified to fit its evolving musical functions.

(B) The violin is probably the best known and most widely distributed musical instrument in the

world.

(C) The violin had reached the height of its popularity by the middle of the eighteenth century.

(D) The technique of playing the violin has remained essentially the same since the 1600's.

4. The author mentions Vivaldi and Tartini in line 19 as examples of composers whose music

(A) inspired more people to play the violin

(B) had to be adapted to the violin

(C) demanded more sophisticated violins

(D) could be played only by their students

5. The word "they" in line 22 refers to

(A) Civaldi and Tartini

(B) thinner strings and a higher string tension

(C) small changes

(D) internal structure and fingerboard

6. The word "strain" in line 22 is closest in meaning to

(A) struggle

(B) strength

(C) strategy

(D) stress

7. The word "Accordingly" in line 23 is closest in meaning to

(A) However

(B) Consequently

(C) Nevertheless

(D) Ultimately

8.According to the passage , early violins were different from modern violins in that early violins

(A) were heavier

(B) broke down more easily

(C) produced softer tones

(D) were easier to play

9. According to the passage , which of the following contributes to a dull sound being produced by

a violin?

(A)A long fingerboard

(B)A small body

(C) High string tension

(D) Thick strings

10. Which of the following terms is defined in the passage ?

(A) resonator (line 2)

(B) solo (line 7)

(C) left-hand technique (line 25)

(D) fingering patterns (lines 24-25)

11. All of the following are mentioned in the passage as contributing to the ability to play modern

violin music EXCEPT

(A) more complicated techniques for the left hand

(B) different ways to use the fingers to play very high notes

(C) use of rare wood for the fingerboard and neck

(D) minor alterations to the structure of the instrumentANSWER KEYS

托福阅读答案:

BAACD DBCAA C

以上就是小编为大家整理的托福阅读100篇真题练习:小提琴的文本、题目以及答案,大家在托福阅读考试进行备考的过程当中也可以拿这些题目来进行练习,相信对于你的托福阅读考试成绩提升会很有帮助。最后,小编预祝大家托福考试能取得理想的成绩。

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