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托福阅读真题练习:美国文学的文本+题目+答案

2017年12月08日16:18 来源:小站整理
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摘要:托福阅读真题哪里有?大家平时备考托福阅读考试的时候都用的是哪些真题呢?除了TPO的托福阅读真题以外,大家进行托福阅读的练习大多数可能都是根据老托资料或者是课外资料来练习了。那么到哪里去找到托福阅读真题来进行练习呢?

托福阅读如何进行备考?除了大量的托福词汇储备以外,大家可能最需要的就是托福阅读真题的练习。那么除了TPO你还有哪些托福阅读真题进行练习呢?今天小编就为大家整理了托福阅读真题100篇:美国文学的文本、题目以及答案,希望可以帮助到大家。

托福阅读真题练习:美国文学的文本+题目+答案图1

托福阅读100篇真题练习汇总:http://toefl.zhan.com/tfziliao63739.html

托福阅读文本:

The economic depression in the late-nineteenth-century United States contributed significantly

to a growing movement in literature toward realism and naturalism. After the 1870's, a number of

important authors began to reject the romanticism that had prevailed immediately following the

Civil War of 1861-1865 and turned instead to realism. Determined to portray life as it was, with

fidelity to real life and accurate representation without idealization, they studied local dialects,

wrote stories which focused on life in specific regions of the country, and emphasized the "true"

relationships between people. In doing so, they reflected broader trends in the society, such as

industrialization, evolutionary theory which emphasized the effect of the environment on humans,

and the influence of science.

Realists such as Joel Chandler Harris and Ellen Glasgow depicted life in the South, Hamlin

Garland described life on the Great Plains, and Sarah Orne Jewett wrote about everyday life in

rural New England. Another realist, Bret Harte, achieved fame with stories that portrayed local life

in the California mining camps.

Samuel Clemens, who adopted the pen name Mark Twain, became the country's most

outstanding realist author, observing life around him with a humorous and skeptical eye. In his

stories and novels, Twain drew on his own experiences and used dialect and common speech

instead of literary language, touching off a major change inAmerican prose style.

Other writers became impatient even with realism. Pushing evolutionary theory to its limits,

they wrote of a world in which a cruel and merciless environment determined human fate. These

writers, called naturalists, often focused on economic hardship, studying people struggling with

poverty, and other aspects of urban and industrial life. Naturalists brought to their writing a

passion for direct and honest experience.

Theodore Dreiser, the foremost naturalist writer, in novels such as Sister Carrie, grimly

portrayed a dark world in which human beings were tossed about by forces beyond their

understanding or control. Dreiser thought that writers should tell the truth about human affairs, not

fabricate romance, and Sister Carrie, he said, was "not intended as a piece of literary

craftsmanship, but was a picture of conditions."

托福阅读题目:

1. Which aspect of late-nineteenth-century United States literature does the passage mainly

discuss?

(A) The influence of science on literature

(B) The importance of dialects for realist writers

(C) The emergence of realism and naturalism

(D) The effects of industrialization on romanticism

2. The word "prevailed" in line 4 is closest in meaning to

(A) dominated

(B) transformed

(C) entered

(D) generalized

3. The word "they" in line 8 refers to

(A) authors

(B) dialects

(C) stories

(D) relationships

4. According to the passage , a highly significant factor in the development of realist and naturalist

literature was

(A) the Civil War

(B) a recognition that romanticism was unpopular

(C) an increased interest in the study of common speech

(D) an economic depression

5. Realist writers took an interest in all of the following EXCEPT

(A) human relationships

(B) characteristics of different regions

(C) the idealization of life

(D) social and historical theories

6. The word "depicted" in line 11 is closest in meaning to

(A) emphasized

(B) described

(C) criticized

(D) classified

7. Why does the author mention mining camps in line 14?

(A) To contrast the themes of realist and naturalist writers

(B) To illustrate how Bret Harte differed from other authors

(C)As an example of a topic taken up by realist writers

(D)As an example of how setting can influence literary style

8. Which of the following wrote about life in rural New England?

(A) Ellen Glasgow

(B) Sarah Orne Jewett

(C) Hamlin Garland

(D) Mark Twain

9. Mark Twain is considered an important literary figure because he

(A) was the first realist writer in the United States

(B) rejected romanticism as a literary approach

(C) wrote humorous stories and novels

(D) influenced American prose style through his use of common speech

10. The word "foremost" in line 25 is closest in meaning to

(A) most difficult

(B) interesting

(C) most focused

(D) leading

11. Which of the following statements about Theodore Dreiser is supported by the passage ?

(A) He mainly wrote about historical subjects such as the Civil War.

(B) His novels often contained elements of humor.

(C) He viewed himself more as a social commentator than as a literary artist.

(D) He believed writers should emphasize the positive aspects of life.

托福阅读答案:

CAADC BCBDD C

以上就是小编为大家整理的托福阅读100篇真题练习:美国文学的文本、题目以及答案,大家在托福阅读考试进行备考的过程当中也可以拿这些题目来进行练习,相信对于你的托福阅读考试成绩提升会很有帮助。最后,小编预祝大家托福考试能取得理想的成绩。

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