网站导航     在线客服  
全部
2018托福真题解析汇总
学生选择在小站备考:30天 600499名,今日申请8827人    备考咨询 >>

托福阅读真题练习:行为学研究的文本+题目+答案

2017年12月08日16:02 来源:小站整理
参与(0) 阅读(1345)

托福备考资料免费领取

免费领取
摘要:托福阅读真题哪里有?大家平时备考托福阅读考试的时候都用的是哪些真题呢?除了TPO的托福阅读真题以外,大家进行托福阅读的练习大多数可能都是根据老托资料或者是课外资料来练习了。那么到哪里去找到托福阅读真题来进行练习呢?

托福阅读如何进行备考?除了大量的托福词汇储备以外,大家可能最需要的就是托福阅读真题的练习。那么除了TPO你还有哪些托福阅读真题进行练习呢?今天小编就为大家整理了托福阅读真题100篇:行为学研究的文本、题目以及答案,希望可以帮助到大家。

托福阅读真题练习:行为学研究的文本+题目+答案图1

托福阅读100篇真题练习汇总:http://toefl.zhan.com/tfziliao63739.html

托福阅读文本:

Ethology is concerned with the study of adaptive, or survival, value of behavior and its

evolutionary history. Ethological theory began to be applied to research on children in the 1960's

but has become even more influential today. The origins of ethology can be traced back to the

work of Darwin. Its modern foundations were laid by two European zoologists, Konrad Lorenz

and Niko Tinbergen.

Watching the behaviors diverse animal species in their natural habitats, Lorenz, and Tinbergen

observed behavior patterns that promote survival. The most well-known of these is imprinting, the

early following behavior of certain baby birds that ensures that the young will stay close to their

mother and be fed and protected from danger. Imprinting takes place during an early, restricted

time period of development. If the mother goose is not present during this time, but an object

resembling her in important features is, young goslings may imprint on it instead.

Observations of imprinting led to major concept that has been applied in child development —

the critical period. It refers to a limited times span during which the child is biologically prepared

to acquire certain adaptive behaviors but needs the support of suitably stimulating environment.

Many researchers have conducted studies to find out whether complex cognitive and social

behaviors must be learned during restricted time periods. For example, if children are deprived of

adequate food or physical and social stimulation during the early years of life, will their

intelligence be permanently impaired? If language is not mastered during the preschool years, is

the child's capacity to acquire it reduced?

Inspired by observations of imprinting, in 1969 the British psychoanalyst John Bowlby applied

ethological theory to the understanding of the relationship between an infant and its parents. He

argued that attachment behaviors of babies, such as smiling, babbling, grasping, and crying, are

built-in social signals that encourage the parents to approach, care for, and interact with the baby.

By keeping a parent near, these behaviors help ensure that the baby will be fed, protected from

danger, and provided with the stimulation and affection necessary for healthy growth. The

development of attachment in human infants is a lengthy process involving changes in

psychological structures that lead to a deep affectional tie between parent and baby.

托福阅读题目:

1. What was Darwin's contribution to ethology?

(A) Darwin improved on the original principles of ethology.

(B) Darwin was the professor who taught Lorenz and Tinbergen.

(C) Darwin's work provided the basis for ethology.

(D) Darwin was the first person to apply ethological theory to children.

2. The word "diverse" in line 6 is closest in meaning to

(A) small

(B) varied

(C) wild

(D) particular

3. The word "ensures" in line 8 is closest in meaning to

(A) guarantees

(B) proves

(C) teaches

(D) assumes

4. According to the passage , if a mother goose is not present during the time period when

imprinting takes place, which of the following will most likely occur?

(A) The gosling will not imprint on any object.

(B) The gosling may not find a mate when it matures.

(C) The mother will later imprint on the gosling.

(D) The gosling may imprint on another object.

5. The word "it" in line 12 refers to

(A) development

(B) goose

(C) time

(D) object

6. The word "suitably" in line 16 is closest in meaning to

(A) willingly

(B) moderately

(C) appropriately

(D) emotionally

7. The author mentions all of the following as attachment behaviors of human infants EXCEPT

(A) grasping

(B) crying

(C) eating

(D) smiling

8.According to the passage , attachment behaviors of infants are intended to

(A) get the physical, emotional and social needs of the infant met

(B) allow the infant to become imprinted on objects that resemble the parent

(C) provide the infant with a means of self-stimulation

(D) prepare the infant to cope with separation

9. The phrase "affectional tie" in line 30 is closest in meaning to

(A) cognitive development

(B) emotional attachment

(C) psychological need

(D) behavioral change

10. It can be inferred from the passage that ethological theory assumes that

(A) to learn about human behavior only human subjects should be studied

(B) failure to imprint has no influence on intelligence

(C) the notion of critical periods applies only to animals

(D) there are similarities between animal and human behavior

托福阅读答案:

CBADD CCABD

以上就是小编为大家整理的托福阅读100篇真题练习:行为学研究的文本、题目以及答案,大家在托福阅读考试进行备考的过程当中也可以拿这些题目来进行练习,相信对于你的托福阅读考试成绩提升会很有帮助。最后,小编预祝大家托福考试能取得理想的成绩。

特别申明:本文内容来源网络,版权归原作者所有,如有侵权请立即与我们联系contactus#zhan.com,我们将及时处理。
感觉茅塞顿开?现在就去练练手吧!
大家都在学

看完这篇文章有何感觉?已经有0人表态,0%的人喜欢

相关文章

110分托福大神力荐!搞定听说读写这些材料必备 托福加试全破解 轻松搞定加试这件小事儿 最新托福独立写作完整版题目+范文汇总 托福阅读真题练习:100篇托福阅读原文+题目+答案 【小站原创】TPO44托福阅读文本及答案解析(Seagra... 三个锦囊 解密托福阅读提速之道 16个托福阅读经典加试文章题答案汇总 托福考试一周备考计划——让你7天搞定托福阅读