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托福阅读真题练习:岩石的文本+题目+答案

2017年12月07日17:29 来源:小站整理
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摘要:托福阅读真题哪里有?大家平时备考托福阅读考试的时候都用的是哪些真题呢?除了TPO的托福阅读真题以外,大家进行托福阅读的练习大多数可能都是根据老托资料或者是课外资料来练习了。那么到哪里去找到托福阅读真题来进行练习呢?

托福阅读如何进行备考?除了大量的托福词汇储备以外,大家可能最需要的就是托福阅读真题的练习。那么除了TPO你还有哪些托福阅读真题进行练习呢?今天小编就为大家整理了托福阅读真题100篇:岩石的文本、题目以及答案,希望可以帮助到大家。

托福阅读真题练习:岩石的文本+题目+答案图1

托福阅读100篇真题练习汇总:http://toefl.zhan.com/tfziliao63739.html

托福阅读文本:

Under the Earth's topsoil, at various levels, sometimes under a layer of rock, there are deposits

of clay. Look at cuts where highways have been built to see exposed clay beds; or look at a

construction site, where pockets of clay may be exposed. Rivers also reveal clay along their banks,

and erosion on a hillside may make clay easily accessible. What is clay made of? The Earth's

surface is basically rock, and it is this rock that gradually decomposes into clay. Rain, streams,

alternating freezing and thawing, roots of trees and plants forcing their way into cracks,

earthquakes, volcanic action, and glaciers — all of these forces slowly break down the Earth's

exposed rocky crust into smaller and smaller pieces that eventually become clay.

Rocks are composed of elements and compounds of elements. Feldspar, which is the most

abundant mineral on the Earth's surface, is basically made up of the oxides silica and alumina

combined with alkalis like potassium and some so-called impurities such as iron. Feldspar is an

essential component of granite rocks, and as such it is the basis of clay. When it is wet, clay can be

easily shaped to make a variety of useful objects, which can then be fired to varying degrees of

hardness and covered with impermeable decorative coatings of glasslike material called glaze. Just

as volcanic action, with its intense heat, fuses the elements in certain rocks into a glasslike rock

called obsidian, so can we apply heat to earthen materials and change them into a hard, dense

material. Different clays need different heat levels to fuse, and some, the low-fire clays, never

become nonporous and watertight like highly fired stoneware. Each clay can stand only a certain

amount of heat without losing its shape through sagging or melting. Variations of clay

composition and the temperatures at which they are fired account for the differences in texture and

appearance between a china teacup and an earthenware flowerpot.

托福阅读题目:

1. The author's main point in paragraph 1 is that clay deposits

(A) conceal layers of rock

(B) can be found in various places

(C) are usually small

(D) must be removed from construction sites

2. It can be inferred from the passage that clay is LEAST likely to be plentiful in which of the

following areas?

(A) in desert sand dunes

(B) in forests

(C) on hillsides

(D) near rivers

3. The word "accessible" in line 4 is closest in meaning to

(A) buried

(B) improved

(C) available

(D) workable

4. According to the passage , rock breaks down into clay under all of the following conditions

EXCEPT when

(A) it is exposed to freezing and thawing

(B) roots of trees force their way into cracks

(C) it is combined with alkalis

(D) natural forces wear away the Earth's crust

5. Why does the author mention feldspar in line 10?

(A) It is often used as a substitute for clay.

(B) It is damaged by the oxides in clay.

(C) Its presence indicates inferior clay.

(D) It is a major component of clay.

6. The word "it" in line 13 refers to

(A) iron

(B) feldspar

(C) granite

(D) clay

7. Based on the information in the passage , it can be inferred that low-fire clays are MOST

appropriate for making objects that

(A) must be strong

(B) can be porous

(C) have a smooth texture

(D) are highly decorated

8. The phrase "account for" in line 22 is closest in meaning to

(A) reduce

(B) explain

(C) combine with

(D) list all of

9. The passage supports which of the following conclusions?

(A) Clay deposits are only found deep in the Earth.

(B) If clay contains too much iron it will melt when fired.

(C) Only certain types of clay are appropriate for making china teacups.

(D) If sufficient heat is applied, all clay will become nonporous.

托福阅读答案:

BACCD BBBC

以上就是小编为大家整理的托福阅读100篇真题练习:岩石的文本、题目以及答案,大家在托福阅读考试进行备考的过程当中也可以拿这些题目来进行练习,相信对于你的托福阅读考试成绩提升会很有帮助。最后,小编预祝大家托福考试能取得理想的成绩。

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