网站导航     在线客服  
全部
托福模考软件免费下载
   首页    托福   备考心经   托福资料   正文
学生选择在小站备考:30天 2956847名,今日申请147人    备考咨询 >>

托福阅读真题练习:人类捕猎者的文本+题目+答案

2017年12月07日16:59 来源:小站整理
参与(0) 阅读(381)
摘要:托福阅读真题哪里有?大家平时备考托福阅读考试的时候都用的是哪些真题呢?除了TPO的托福阅读真题以外,大家进行托福阅读的练习大多数可能都是根据老托资料或者是课外资料来练习了。那么到哪里去找到托福阅读真题来进行练习呢?

托福阅读如何进行备考?除了大量的托福词汇储备以外,大家可能最需要的就是托福阅读真题的练习。那么除了TPO你还有哪些托福阅读真题进行练习呢?今天小编就为大家整理了托福阅读真题100篇:人类捕猎者的文本、题目以及答案,希望可以帮助到大家。

托福阅读真题练习:人类捕猎者的文本+题目+答案图1

托福阅读100篇真题练习汇总:http://toefl.zhan.com/tfziliao63739.html

托福阅读文本:

Many prehistoric people subsisted as hunters and gatherers. Undoubtedly, game animals,

including some very large species, provided major components of human diets. An important

controversy centering on the question of human effects on prehistoric wildlife concerns the sudden

disappearance of so many species of large animals at or near the end of the Pleistocene epoch.

Most paleontologists suspect that abrupt changes in climate led to the mass extinctions. Others,

however, have concluded that prehistoric people drove many of those species to extinction

through overhunting. In their "Pleistocene overkill hypothesis," they cite what seems to be a

remarkable coincidence between the arrival of prehistoric peoples in North and South America

and the time during which mammoths, giant ground sloths, the giant bison, and numerous other

large mammals became extinct.

Perhaps the human species was driving others to extinction long before the dawn of history.

Hunter-gatherers may have contributed to Pleistocene extinctions in more indirect ways. Besides

overhunting, at least three other kinds of effects have been suggested: direct competition,

imbalances between competing species of game animals, and early agricultural practices. Direct

competition may have brought about the demise of large carnivores such as the saber-toothed cats.

These animals simply may have been unable to compete with the increasingly sophisticated

hunting skills of Pleistocene people.

Human hunters could have caused imbalances among game animals, leading to the extinctions

of species less able to compete. When other predators such as the gray wolf prey upon large

mammals, they generally take high proportions of each year's crop of young. Some human hunters,

in contrast, tend to take the various age-groups of large animals in proportion to their actual

occurrence. If such hunters first competed with the larger predators and then replaced them, they

may have allowed more young to survive each year, gradually increasing the populations of

favored species. As these populations expanded, they in turn may have competed with other game

species for the same environmental niche, forcing the less hunted species into extinction. This

theory, suggests that human hunters played an indirect role in Pleistocene extinctions by hunting

one species more than another.

托福阅读题目:

1. What does the passage mainly discuss?

(A) The effects of human activities on prehistoric wildlife

(B) The origins of the hunter-gatherer way of life

(C) The diets of large animals of the Pleistocene epoch

(D) The change in climate at the end of the Pleistocene epoch

2. The word "Undoubtedly" in line 1 is closest in meaning to

(A) occasionally

(B) unexpectedly

(C) previously

(D) certainly

3. The word "components" in line 2 is closest in meaning to

(A) parts

(B) problems

(C) changes

(D) varieties

4. Which of the following is mentioned as supporting the Pleistocene overkill hypothesis?

(A) Many of the animals that became extinct were quite large.

(B) Humans migrated into certain regions around the time that major extinctions occurred.

(C) There is evidence that new species were arriving in areas inhabited by humans.

(D) Humans began to keep and care for certain animals.

5. The word "Besides" in line 14 is closest in meaning to

(A) caused by

(B) whereas

(C) in addition to

(D) in favor of

6. The author mentions saber-toothed cats in line 17 as an example of a carnivore that

(A) became extinct before the Pleistocene epoch

(B) was unusually large for its time

(C) was not able to compete with humans

(D) caused the extinction of several species

7. The word "they" in line 22 refers to

(A) human hunters

(B) game animals

(C) other predators

(D) large mammals

8. According to the passage , what is one difference between the hunting done by some humans

and the hunting done by gray wolves?

(A) Some humans hunt more frequently than gray wolves.

(B) Gray wolves hunt in larger groups than some humans.

(C) Some humans can hunt larger animals than gray wolves can hunt.

(D) Some humans prey on animals of all ages, but gray wolves concentrate their efforts on young

animals.

9. The word "favored" in line 26 is closest in meaning to

(A) large

(B) escaping

(C) preferred

(D) local

10.According to the passage , the imbalances discussed in paragraph 3 may have resulted from

(A) the effect of climate changes on large game animals

(B) large animals moving into a new environment

(C) humans hunting some species more than others

(D) older animals not being able to compete with younger animals

托福阅读答案:

ADABC CCDCC

以上就是小编为大家整理的托福阅读100篇真题练习:人类捕猎者的文本、题目以及答案,大家在托福阅读考试进行备考的过程当中也可以拿这些题目来进行练习,相信对于你的托福阅读考试成绩提升会很有帮助。最后,小编预祝大家托福考试能取得理想的成绩。

感觉茅塞顿开?现在就去练练手吧!
大家都在学

看完这篇文章有何感觉?已经有0人表态,0%的人喜欢

相关文章

110分托福大神力荐!搞定听说读写这些材料必备 托福加试全破解 轻松搞定加试这件小事儿 独家秘籍 独门绝招 必备宝书 3步轻松突破托福8000词 三个锦囊 解密托福阅读提速之道 【小站原创】TPO44托福阅读文本及答案解析(Seagra... 托福考试一周备考计划——让你7天搞定托福阅读 2017托福考情预测备考资料推荐-小站托福 IBT托福阅读大解析 用机经真题还原10大阅读题型
【小站托福官网】TOEFL托福考试为您提供最新托福备考资料,托福机经预测,托福听力、口语、阅读、写作、词汇真题下载,更有toefl模拟考试、托福报名、托福培训等特色服务。
版权申明| 隐私保护| 意见反馈| 联系我们| 关于我们| 网站地图| 最新资讯

©{beginDate}-{endDate} ZHAN.com All Rights Reserved. {hbText}