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托福阅读真题练习:现代工业陶工的文本+题目+答案

2017年12月04日19:18 来源:小站整理
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摘要:托福阅读真题哪里有?大家平时备考托福阅读考试的时候都用的是哪些真题呢?除了TPO的托福阅读真题以外,大家进行托福阅读的练习大多数可能都是根据老托资料或者是课外资料来练习了。那么到哪里去找到托福阅读真题来进行练习呢?

托福阅读如何进行备考?除了大量的托福词汇储备以外,大家可能最需要的就是托福阅读真题的练习。那么除了TPO你还有哪些托福阅读真题进行练习呢?今天小编就为大家整理了托福阅读真题100篇:现代工业陶工的文本、题目以及答案,希望可以帮助到大家。

托福阅读真题练习:现代工业陶工的文本+题目+答案图1

托福阅读100篇真题练习汇总:http://toefl.zhan.com/tfziliao63739.html

托福阅读文本:

Archaeological literature is rich in descriptions of pot making. Unlike modern industrial potters, prehistoric artisans created each of their pieces individually, using the simplest technology but demonstrating remarkable skill in making and adorning their vessels.

The clay used in prehistoric pot making was invariably selected with the utmost care: often it was traded over considerable distances. The consistency of the clay was crucial: it was pounded meticulously and mixed with water to make it entirely even in texture. By careful kneading, the potter removed the air bubbles and made the clay as plastic as possible, allowing it to be molded into shape as the pot was built up, When a pot is fired, it loses its water and can crack, so the potter added a temper to the clay, a substance that helped reduce shrinkage and cracking.

Since surface finishes provided a pleasing appearance and also improved the durability in day-to-day use, the potter smoothed the exterior surface of the pot with wet hands. Often a wet clay solution, known as a slip, was applied to the smooth surface. Brightly colored slips were often used and formed painted decorations on the vessel. In later times. Glazes came into use in some areas. A glaze is a form of slip that turns to a glasslike finish during high-temperature firing.When a slip was not applied, the vessel was allowed to dry slowly until the external surface was almost like leather in texture. It was then rubbed with a round stone or similar object to give it a shiny, hard surface. Some pots were adorned with incised or stamped decorations.Most early pottery was then fired over open hearths. The vessels were covered with fast-burning wood; as it burned, the ashes would all around the pots and bake them evenly over a few hours. Far higher temperatures were attained in special ovens, known as kilns, which would not only bake the clay and remove its plasticity, but also dissolve carbons and iron compounds.

Kilns were also used for glazing, when two firings were needed. Once fired, the pots were allowed to cool slowly, and small cracks were repaired before they were ready for use.

托福阅读题目:

1. What does the passage mainly discuss?

(A) Why archaeologists study prehistoric pot making

(B) How early pottery was made and decorated

(C) The development of kilns used by early potters

(D) The variety of decorations on Prehistoric pottery

2. The word " meticulously" in line 7 is closest in meaning to

(A) heavily

(B) initially

(C) carefully

(D) completely

3. Which of the following was a process used by prehistoric potters to improve the texture of the clay?

(A) adding temper

(B) removing the water

(C) beating on the clay

(D) mixing the clay with plastic substances

4. The word "durability" in line 13 is closest in meaning to

(A) quality

(B) endurance

(C) adaptability

(D) applicability

5. Prehistoric potters applied slips and glazes to their vessels in order to do which of the following?

(A) Improve the appearance of the vessels

(B) prevent the vessels from leaking

(C) Help the vessels to dry more quickly

(D) Give the vessels a leather like quality

6. Which of the following was a method used by some potters to give vessels a glassy finish?

(A) Smoothing them with wet hands

(B) Mixing the clay with colored solutions

(C) Baking them at a very high temperature

(D) Rubbing them with a smooth hard object

7. The word "incised" in line 20 is closest in meaning to

(A) designed

(B) carved

(C) detailed

(D) painted

8. The word "they" in ling 27 refers to

(A) kilns

(B) firings

(C) pots

(D) cracks

9.According to the passage , the advantage of kilns over open fires was that the kilns

(A) required less wood for burning

(B) reached higher temperatures

(C) kept ashes away from the pots

(D) baked vessels without cracking them

10. Look at the terms "temper" (line 10), "glazes" (line 16), "kilns" (line 24), and "compounds"

(line 25). Which of these terms is NOT defined in the passage ?

(A) temper

(B) glazes

(C) kilns

(D) compounds

11. The passage mentions that when pottery is fired under burning wood, the ashes help

(A) prevent the clay from cracking

(B) produce a more consistently baked pot

(C) attain a very high temperature

(D) give the vessel a glasslike finish

托福阅读答案:

BCCBADBCBD B

以上就是小编为大家整理的托福阅读100篇真题练习:现代工业陶工的文本、题目以及答案,大家在托福阅读考试进行备考的过程当中也可以拿这些题目来进行练习,相信对于你的托福阅读考试成绩提升会很有帮助。最后,小编预祝大家托福考试能取得理想的成绩。

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