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托福阅读真题练习:装饰艺术的文本+题目+答案

2017年12月04日19:24 来源:小站整理
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摘要:托福阅读真题哪里有?大家平时备考托福阅读考试的时候都用的是哪些真题呢?除了TPO的托福阅读真题以外,大家进行托福阅读的练习大多数可能都是根据老托资料或者是课外资料来练习了。那么到哪里去找到托福阅读真题来进行练习呢?

托福阅读如何进行备考?除了大量的托福词汇储备以外,大家可能最需要的就是托福阅读真题的练习。那么除了TPO你还有哪些托福阅读真题进行练习呢?今天小编就为大家整理了托福阅读真题100篇:装饰艺术的文本、题目以及答案,希望可以帮助到大家。

托福阅读真题练习:装饰艺术的文本+题目+答案图1

托福阅读100篇真题练习汇总:http://toefl.zhan.com/tfziliao63739.html

托福阅读文本:

The Arts and Crafts Movement in the United States was responsible for sweeping changes in attitudes toward the decorative arts, then considered the minor or household arts. Its focus on decorative arts helped to induce United States museums and private collectors to begin collecting furniture, glass, ceramics, metalwork, and textiles in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. The fact that artisans, who were looked on as mechanics or skilled workers in the eighteenth century, are frequently considered artists today is directly attributable to the Arts and Crafts Movement of the nineteenth century. The importance now placed on attractive and harmonious home decoration can also be traced to this period, when Victorian interior arrangements were revised to admit greater light and more freely flowing spaces.

The Arts and Crafts Movement reacted against mechanized processes that threatened handcrafts and resulted in cheapened, monotonous merchandise. Founded in the late nineteenth

century by British social critics John Ruskin and William Morris, the movement revered craft as a form of art. In a rapidly industrializing society, most Victorians agreed that art was an essential moral ingredient in the home environment, and in many middle- and working-class homes craft was the only form of art, Ruskin and his followers criticized not only the degradation of artisans reduced to machine operators, but also the impending loss of daily contact with handcrafted objects, fashioned with pride, integrity, and attention to beauty.

In the United States as well as in Great Britain, reformers extolled the virtues of handcrafted objects: simple, straightforward design; solid materials of good quality; and sound, enduring construction techniques. These criteria were interpreted in a variety of styles, ranging from rational and geometric to romantic or naturalistic. Whether abstract, stylized, or realistically treated, the consistent theme in virtually allArts and Crafts design is nature.

The Arts and Crafts Movement was much more than a particular style; it was a philosophy of domestic life. Proponents believed that if simple design, high-quality materials, and honest construction were realized in the home and its appointments, then the occupants would enjoy moral and therapeutic effects. For both artisan and consumer, the Arts and Crafts doctrine was seen as a magical force against the undesirable effects of industrialization.

托福阅读题目:

1. The passage

primarily focuses on nineteenth-century arts and crafts in terms of which of the following?

(A) Their naturalistic themes

(B) Their importance in museum collections

(C) Their British origin

(D) Their role in an industrialized society

2.According to the passage , before the nineteenth century, artisans were thought to be

(A) defenders of moral standards

(B) creators of cheap merchandise

(C) skilled workers

(D) artists

3. It can be inferred from the passage that the Arts and Crafts Movement would have considered all of the following to be artists EXCEPT

(A) creators of textile designs

(B) people who produce handmade glass objects

(C) operators of machines that automatically cut legs for furniture

(D) metalworkers who create unique pieces of jewelry

4. The word "revered" in line 14 is closest in meaning to

(A) respected

(B) described

(C) avoided

(D) created

5. According to paragraph 2, the handcrafted objects in the homes of middle- and working-class families usually were

(A) made by members of the family

(B) the least expensive objects in their homes

(C) regarded as being morally uplifting

(D) thought to symbolize progress

6. The word "extolled" in line 20 is closest in meaning to

(A) exposed

(B) praised

(C) believed

(D) accepted

7. The author mentions all of the following as attributes of handcrafted objects EXCEPT

(A) the pride with which they were crafted

(B) the complexity of their design

(C) the long time that they lasted

(D) the quality of their materials

8. The word "consistent" in line 24 is closest in meaning to

(A) conservative

(B) considerable

(C) constant

(D) concrete

9. According to the passage , which of the following changes occurred at the same time as the Arts and Crafts Movement?

(A) The creation of brighter and more airy spaces inside homes

(B) The rejection of art that depicted nature in a realistic manner

(C)A decline of interest in art museum collections

(D)An increase in the buying of imported art objects

10. Which of the following statements is supported by the passage ?

(A) Private collectors in the nineteenth century concentrated on acquiring paintings.

(B) The Arts and Crafts Movement in the United States, unlike the one in Britain, did not react strongly against mechanized processes.

(C) Handcrafted objects in the United States and Britain in the nineteenth century did not use geometric designs.

(D) The Arts and Crafts Movement believed in the beneficial effect for people from being surrounded by beautiful objects.

托福阅读答案:

DCCAC BBCAD

以上就是小编为大家整理的托福阅读100篇真题练习:装饰艺术的文本、题目以及答案,大家在托福阅读考试进行备考的过程当中也可以拿这些题目来进行练习,相信对于你的托福阅读考试成绩提升会很有帮助。最后,小编预祝大家托福考试能取得理想的成绩。

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