网站导航     在线客服  
全部
托福模考软件免费下载
   首页    托福   备考心经   托福资料   正文
学生选择在小站备考:30天 2513449名,今日申请481人    备考咨询 >>

托福阅读真题练习:美国社会团体的文本+题目+答案

2017年11月10日18:18 来源:小站整理
参与(1) 阅读(1077)
摘要:托福阅读真题哪里有?大家平时备考托福阅读考试的时候都用的是哪些真题呢?除了TPO的托福阅读真题以外,大家进行托福阅读的练习大多数可能都是根据老托资料或者是课外资料来练习了。那么到哪里去找到托福阅读真题来进行练习呢?

托福阅读如何进行备考?除了大量的托福词汇储备以外,大家可能最需要的就是托福阅读真题的练习。那么除了TPO你还有哪些托福阅读真题进行练习呢?今天小编就为大家整理了托福阅读真题100篇:美国社会团体的文本、题目以及答案,希望可以帮助到大家。

托福阅读真题练习:美国社会团体的文本+题目+答案图1

托福阅读100篇真题练习汇总:http://toefl.zhan.com/tfziliao63739.html

托福阅读文本:

According to sociologists, there are several different ways in which a person may become recognized as the leader of a social group in the United States. In the family, traditional cultural patterns confer leadership on one or both of the parents. In other cases, such as friendship groups,one or more persons may gradually emerge as leaders, although there is no formal process of selection. In larger groups, leaders are usually chosen formally through election or recruitment.

Although leaders are often thought to be people with unusual personal ability, decades of research have failed to produce consistent evidence that there is any category of "natural leaders."It seems that there is no set of personal qualities that all leaders have in common; rather, virtually any person may be recognized as a leader if the person has qualities that meet the needs of that particular group.

Furthermore, although it is commonly supposed that social groups have a single leader,research suggests that there are typically two different leadership roles that are held by different individuals. Instrumental leadership is leadership that emphasizes the completion of tasks by a social group. Group members look to instrumental leaders to "get things done." Expressive leadership, on the other hand, is leadership that emphasizes the collective well-being of a social group's members. Expressive leaders are less concerned with the overall goals of the group than with providing emotional support to group members and attempting to minimize tension and conflict among them. Group members expect expressive leaders to maintain stable relationships within the group and provide support to individual members.

Instrumental leaders are likely to have a rather secondary relationship to other group members.They give orders and may discipline group members who inhibit attainment of the group's goals.Expressive leaders cultivate a more personal or primary relationship to others in the group. They offer sympathy when someone experiences difficulties or is subjected to discipline, are quick to lighten a serious moment with humor, and try to resolve issues that threaten to divide the group.

As the differences in these two roles suggest, expressive leaders generally receive more personal affection from group members; instrumental leaders, if they are successful in promoting group goals, may enjoy a more distant respect.

托福阅读题目:

1. What does the passage mainly discuss?

(A) The problems faced by leaders

(B) How leadership differs in small and large groups

(C) How social groups determine who will lead them

(D) The role of leaders in social groups

2. The passage mentions all of the following ways by which people can become leaders EXCEPT

(A) recruitment

(B) formal election process

(C) specific leadership training

(D) traditional cultural patterns

3. In mentioning "natural leaders" in line 9, the author is making the point that

(A) few people qualify as "natural leaders"

(B) there is no proof that "natural leaders" exist

(C) "natural leaders' are easily accepted by the members of a social group

(D) "natural leaders" share a similar set of characteristics

4. Which of the following statements about leadership can be inferred from paragraph 2?

(A) A person who is an effective leader of a particular group may not be an effective leader in another group.

(B) Few people succeed in sharing a leadership role with another person.

(C)A person can best learn how to be an effective leader by studying research on leadership.

(D) Most people desire to be leaders but can produce little evidence of their qualifications.

5. The passage indicates that instrumental leaders generally focus on

(A) ensuring harmonious relationships

(B) sharing responsibility with group members

(C) identifying new leaders

(D) achieving a goal

6. The word "collective" in line 17 is closest in meaning to

(A) necessary

(B) typical

(C) group

(D) particular

7. The word "them" in line 19 refers to

(A) expressive leaders

(B) goals of the group

(C) group members

(D) tension and conflict

8. A "secondary relationship" mentioned in line 22 between a leader and the members of a group

could best be characterized as

(A) distant

(B) enthusiastic

(C) unreliable

(D) personal

9. The word "resolve" in line 27 is closest in meaning to

(A) avoid repeating

(B) talk about

(C) avoid thinking about

(D) find a solution for

10. Paragraphs 3 and 4 organize the discussion of leadership primarily in term of

(A) examples that illustrate a problem

(B) cause and effect analysis

(C) narration of events

(D) comparison and contrast

托福阅读答案:

DCBAD CCADD

以上就是小编为大家整理的托福阅读100篇真题练习:美国社会团体的文本、题目以及答案,大家在托福阅读考试进行备考的过程当中也可以拿这些题目来进行练习,相信对于你的托福阅读考试成绩提升会很有帮助。最后,小编预祝大家托福考试能取得理想的成绩。

感觉茅塞顿开?现在就去练练手吧!
大家都在学

看完这篇文章有何感觉?已经有1人表态,100%的人喜欢

相关文章

110分托福大神力荐!搞定听说读写这些材料必备 托福加试全破解 轻松搞定加试这件小事儿 独家秘籍 独门绝招 必备宝书 3步轻松突破托福8000词 三个锦囊 解密托福阅读提速之道 【小站原创】TPO44托福阅读文本及答案解析(Seagra... 托福考试一周备考计划——让你7天搞定托福阅读 2017托福考情预测备考资料推荐-小站托福 IBT托福阅读大解析 用机经真题还原10大阅读题型
【小站托福官网】TOEFL托福考试为您提供最新托福备考资料,托福机经预测,托福听力、口语、阅读、写作、词汇真题下载,更有toefl模拟考试、托福报名、托福培训等特色服务。