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托福听力推断题的应对策略

2018年04月17日09:48 来源:小站整理
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摘要:推断题是托福听力的必考题型,考察考生对听力材料的简单推理推测。推断题的出题方式类似托福阅读:What does the professor imply about……?What can be inferred about…….?是常见形式,基本上只要看到infer、imply等表示“推理”“推断”意味的单词就可以判定为推断题了。

推断题是托福听力的必考题型,考察考生对听力材料的简单推理推测。推断题的出题方式类似托福阅读:What does the professor imply about……?What can be inferred about…….?是常见形式,基本上只要看到infer、imply等表示“推理”“推断”意味的单词就可以判定为推断题了。

托福听力推断题的应对策略图1

下面我们结合三道真题来看一下推断题的具体应对策略。

TPO 1 L1

9. What does the professor imply about the painting of the young woman surrounded by pumpkins?关于一幅女子被南瓜环抱的油画, 教授暗示了什麽?

One other painting I really want you to look at is of a young woman surrounded by pumpkins. You will notice that the woman’s face is so realistic looking that it’s almost like a photograph. The woman’s nose is a little less than perfect and her hair is kind of messed up. This is realism. But then, the background of the painting, this woman with the pumpkins is wrapped in a blanket of broad thick brushstrokes, and, it’s all kinds of zigzagging brushstrokes and lines, kind of chaotic almost when you look at it close.

第一句我们就找出与题干一致的信息- 女子被南瓜环抱的油画。教授先说到南瓜少女画是现实主义 -你们可以看到女人的脸部特征十分真实,几乎像一张照片。在转折词But then 后, 教授又描述了背景画风 -当看的很近的时候,可以发现笔触和线条有点弯曲,有点混乱 - 跟文章之前提到的印象派所有的特徵是一致的。文中提到一幅女子被南瓜环抱的油画时, 没有直接指出背景是那一种画作风格, 我们只能以文章之前提过的信息, 推断出答案。

所以透过以上信息, 我们可以总结出, 画中同时有两种风格。混合风格。

答案是: It combines Impressionism with Realism 这幅画结合了现实主义和印象派

TPO 7 L1

10.What does the professor imply about the obligatory scene and the denouement?

关于必要场景和结局, 教授暗示了什麽?

Remember, the obligatory scene gives the audience emotional pleasure. But the denouement offers the audience a logical conclusion. That’s the subtle distinction we need to try very hard to keep in mind.

记住,必要场景给观众的是情感愉悦而结局给观众的是逻辑结尾。这是我们必须要极力分辨的细微差别。

教授提到必要场景和结局要我们好好记住它们当中微妙(SUBTLE)的差别(DISTINCTION)。但题目中没有能直接对应上的选项。但我们可以总结一下, 两件事对于一般人来说是分别不大,但事实上有重大的差别,所以我们可以总结出答桉可能是容易令人混淆。

A. The difference between them might be unclear to some people.

B. Both are useful techniques for developing realistic characters.

C. The denouncement usually occurs within the obligatory scene.

D. The obligatory scene is usually less exciting than the denouncement.

原文中明确指出两个概念是有区别。但容易令人混淆。因此正确答案,A。

两个概念的区别对于一些人是不清晰的。

TPO 8 L3

25.What does the professor imply about the invention of eyeglass?

关于眼镜的发明, 教授暗示了什麽?

So we're pretty sure that glasses were invented in about the late 1200s, well over a hundred years before the printing press. But it's not clear who exactly invented them first or exactly what year. But record shows that they were invented in both Europe and China at about the same time. By the way,we call this “independent discovery”.

Independent discovery means when something is invented in different parts of the world at the same time and it's not as unusual as it sounds. You can look at the timeline charts in the back of your textbook to see when things were invented in different cultures at about the same time to see what I'm talking about.

第一句与题干对应上后, 教授提到但我们不知道具体是谁在什么时间最先发明的眼镜。不过记录表明欧洲和中国大概在同时期发明了眼镜。之后就提到这是独立发现的一种, 然后解释了独立发现是指一件东西同时在世界不同地区发明出来。

紧接着说了一句: it's not as unusual as it sounds这不像听起来那么的不同寻常。double negative, 所以是正常的,还说到如学生们不相信, 可以翻书看看以往的发明, 也有着同一样的情况。

所以教授讲到眼镜发明是想让学生认识到这种独立发现在历史上并不罕见。

所以正确答是Its occurrence in different places at approximately the same time is not unusual. 眼镜在不同地方但差不多时间的出现, 并非不寻常, 所以是正常的。

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