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2018托福真题解析汇总
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托福阅读真题练习:蚁群信号素的文本+题目+答案

2017年12月11日15:53 来源:小站整理
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摘要:托福阅读真题哪里有?大家平时备考托福阅读考试的时候都用的是哪些真题呢?除了TPO的托福阅读真题以外,大家进行托福阅读的练习大多数可能都是根据老托资料或者是课外资料来练习了。那么到哪里去找到托福阅读真题来进行练习呢?

托福阅读如何进行备考?除了大量的托福词汇储备以外,大家可能最需要的就是托福阅读真题的练习。那么除了TPO你还有哪些托福阅读真题进行练习呢?今天小编就为大家整理了托福阅读真题100篇:蚁群信号素的文本、题目以及答案,希望可以帮助到大家。

托福阅读真题练习:蚁群信号素的文本+题目+答案图1

托福阅读100篇真题练习汇总:http://toefl.zhan.com/tfziliao63739.html

托福阅读文本:

The smooth operation of an ant colony depends on ten to twenty different signals, most of

which are pheromones (chemical signals triggering behavioral responses). It is estimated that red

fire ants employ at least twelve different chemical signals. The simplest of these is the carbon

dioxide from the respiration of an ant cluster, a chemical that acts as a pheromone to promote

aggregation. Workers move toward a source of carbon dioxide, resulting in solitary ants moving to

join a group. At the other extreme, the most complex of the fire ants' signals is probably colony

odor, by which the workers of a particular colony or nest identify another worker as local or

foreign. Each ant nest has its own odor as a result of its location, history, and local food supply.

The resident ants pick up this odor on their bodies, so that ants of the same species, but from

different nests, have different colony odors. This allows ants to identify intruders and maintain

colony integrity.

Fire ants also make use of an alarm pheromone to alert workers to an emergency, and their

scouts lay down a trail pheromone as a guide during mass migrations. A fire ant queen emits a

chemical signal that identifies her to the colony's workers. They respond by scurrying to gather

around her. The decomposing corpse of a dead ant also generates a signal, to which workers

respond by eliminating the corpse from the nest.

Ants provide examples of both public (accessible to other species) and private messages. One

of their most important private messages concerns food, for a food source is worth keeping secret.

Each species marks its trails with signals that are meaningless to others, so that an ant crossing a

trail left by another ant species typically notices nothing. On the other hand, a secret signal to

mark a dead body is unnecessary. Many kinds of ants perceive a natural decomposition product of

dead insects as a signal to remove a corpse. If an outsider recognizes this message and moves the

body, no harm is done.

托福阅读题目:

1. What aspect of ants does the passage mainly discuss?

(A) The relationship between the queen and the worker ants

(B) Ways in which ants use chemical signals

(C) Methods ants use to identify food sources

(D) The importance of respiration in the production of ant pheromones

2. The phrase "smooth operation" in line 1 is closest in meaning to

(A) daily activity

(B) effective functioning

(C) delicate balance

(D) permanent location

3.According to the passage , carbon dioxide serves which of the following functions for fire ants?

(A) It protects the queen.

(B) It attracts other ant species.

(C) It informs workers of possible danger.

(D) It encourages the ants to gather together.

4. The word "cluster" in line 4 is closest in meaning to

(A) organ

(B) activity

(C) group

(D) cycle

5.According to the passage , each nest has a distinct odor that allows its inhabitants to

(A) find the location of the nest in the dark

(B) distinguish worker ants from other ants

(C) distinguish foreign ants from resident ants

(D) signal other inhabitants when foreign ants attack

6. The word "alert" in line 13 is closest in meaning to

(A) allow

(B) transport

(C) warn

(D) provide

7. What is the role of pheromones in the mass migrations of ants?

(A) Pheromones are used to create a trail that directs the ants during migrations.

(B) Pheromones signal the ants that the nest has been invaded and must be abandoned.

(C) Pheromones control the speed at which ants move from one location to another.

(D) Pheromones enable scouts to identify suitable areas for establishing a new nest.

8. The word "scurrying" in line 16 is closest in meaning to

(A) agreeing

(B) appearing

(C) competing

(D) rushing

9. The word "others" in line 21 refers to

(A) private messages

(B) species

(C) trails

(D) signals

10. Why does the author mention "dead insects" in line 23?

(A) To compare the social behaviors of ants with those of other insects

(B) To emphasize the dangers that all insects encounter

(C) To argue the superiority of ants over other insects

(D) To indicate a behavior that is common among various kinds of ants

11. Which of the following terms is defined in the passage ?

(A) pheromones (line 2)

(B) colony integrity (lines 12)

(C) mass migrations (line 14)

(D) private messages (lines 18-19)

托福阅读答案:

BBDCC CADBDA

以上就是小编为大家整理的托福阅读100篇真题练习:蚁群信号素的文本、题目以及答案,大家在托福阅读考试进行备考的过程当中也可以拿这些题目来进行练习,相信对于你的托福阅读考试成绩提升会很有帮助。最后,小编预祝大家托福考试能取得理想的成绩。

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