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托福阅读真题练习:群居昆虫的文本+题目+答案

2017年12月06日15:13 来源:小站整理
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摘要:托福阅读真题哪里有?大家平时备考托福阅读考试的时候都用的是哪些真题呢?除了TPO的托福阅读真题以外,大家进行托福阅读的练习大多数可能都是根据老托资料或者是课外资料来练习了。那么到哪里去找到托福阅读真题来进行练习呢?

托福阅读如何进行备考?除了大量的托福词汇储备以外,大家可能最需要的就是托福阅读真题的练习。那么除了TPO你还有哪些托福阅读真题进行练习呢?今天小编就为大家整理了托福阅读真题100篇:群居昆虫的文本、题目以及答案,希望可以帮助到大家。

托福阅读真题练习:群居昆虫的文本+题目+答案图1

托福阅读100篇真题练习汇总:http://toefl.zhan.com/tfziliao63739.html

托福阅读文本:

What unusual or unique biological trait led to the remarkable diversification and unchallenged

success of the ants for ever 50 million years? The answer appears to be that they were the first

group of predatory eusocial insects that both lived and foraged primarily in the soil and in rotting

vegetation on the ground. Eusocial refers to a form of insect society characterized by

specialization of tasks and cooperative care of the young; it is rare among insects. Richly

organized colonies of the land made possible by eusociality enjoy several key advantages over

solitary individuals.

Under most circumstances groups of workers are better able to forage for food and defend the

nest, because they can switch from individual to group response and back again swiftly and

according to need. When a food object or nest intruder is too large for one individual to handle,

nestmates can be quickly assembled by alarm or recruitment signals. Equally important is the fact

that the execution of multiple-step tasks is accomplished in a series-parallel sequence. That is,

individual ants can specialize in particular steps, moving from one object (such as a larva to be fed)

to another (a second larva to be fed). They do not need to carry each task to completion from start

to finish — for example, to check the larva first, then collect the food, then feed the larva. Hence,

if each link in the chain has many workers in attendance, a series directed at any particular object

is less likely to fail. Moreover, ants specializing in particular labor categories typically constitute a

caste specialized by age or body form or both. There has been some documentation of the

superiority in performance and net energetic yield of various castes for their modal tasks, although

careful experimental studies are still relatively few.

What makes ants unusual in the company of eusocial insects is the fact that they are the only

eusocial predators (predators are animals that capture and feed on other animals) occupying the

soil and ground litter. The eusocial termites live in the same places as ants and also have wingless

workers, but they feed almost exclusively on dead vegetation.

托福阅读题目:

1. Which of the following questions does the passage primarily answer?

(A) How do individual ants adapt to specialized tasks?

(B) What are the differences between social and solitary insects?

(C) Why are ants predators?

(D) Why have ants been able to thrive for such a long time?

2. The word "unique" in line 1 is closest in meaning to

(A) inherited

(B) habitual

(C) singular

(D) natural

3. The word "rotting" in line 4 is closest in meaning to

(A) decaying

(B) collected

(C) expanding

(D) cultivated

4. The word "key" in line 7 is closest in meaning to

(A) uncommon

(B) important

(C) incidental

(D) temporary

5.According to the passage , one thing eusocial insects can do is rapidly switch from

(A) one type of food consumption to another

(B) one environment to another

(C) a solitary task to a group task

(D) a defensive to an offensive stance

6. The task of feeding larvae is mentioned in the passage to demonstrate

(A) the advantages of specialization

(B) the type of food that larvae are fed

(C) the ways ant colonies train their young for adult tasks

(D) the different stages of ant development

7. The author uses the word "Hence" in line 16 to indicate

(A) a logical conclusion

(B) the next step in a senes of steps

(C) a reason for further study

(D) the relationship among ants

8.All of the following terms art defined in the passage EXCEPT

(A) eusocial (line 3)

(B) series-parallel sequence (line 13)

(C) caste (line 19)

(D) predators (line 23)

9. The word "they" in line 25 refers to

(A) termites

(B) ants

(C) places

(D) predators

10. It can be inferred from the passage that one main difference between termites and ants is that

termites

(A) live above ground

(B) are eusocial

(C) protect their nests

(D) eat almost no animal substances

托福阅读答案:

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以上就是小编为大家整理的托福阅读100篇真题练习:群居昆虫的文本、题目以及答案,大家在托福阅读考试进行备考的过程当中也可以拿这些题目来进行练习,相信对于你的托福阅读考试成绩提升会很有帮助。最后,小编预祝大家托福考试能取得理想的成绩。

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