网站导航     在线客服  
小站教育
托福独立口语满分指导攻略
学生选择在小站备考:30天 524394名,今日申请1977人    备考咨询 >>

托福写作语法问题深入分析 如何选择恰当的表达方式?

2019年03月01日14:15 来源:小站整理
参与(5) 阅读(1618)

托福备考资料免费领取

免费领取
摘要:托福写作中考生需要关注语法问题,很多同学写出来的句子虽然能够读得懂,但其实在native speaker看来都是相当别扭的,一看就是chinglish的感觉。而想要写出地道的句子,大家就需要在语法方面多下功夫。本文将为大家提供一些托福写作语法选择恰当表达方式的改写实例。

托福写作的语法问题很多同学都有,大家写作时可能不太关心语法,有时候文章就会显得比较生硬,虽然能让人看懂,但读起来总是觉得有些水土不服。想要提升托福写作的语法水平,下面小编带来的这些改写案例大家不妨了解一下。

托福写作语法问题深入分析 如何选择恰当的表达方式?图1

托福写作语法表达改写实例分析

选择合适的语法结构可以使句子意思的表达更为精确和简练。虽然语法的多样性也很重要,但选择最恰当的语法结构仍然是更为重要的考虑因素。以下,推荐几种考生们在考虑选择何种语法结构时可以参考的原则:

1.一个句子的主语和谓语动词应该能够反映句子中的最重要的意思。例如:

The situation that resulted in my grandfather’s not being able to study engineering was that his father needed help on the farm.

从意思上来分析,上面这句话需要表达的重要的概念是“grandfather’s not being able to study”,而在表达这个概念时,原句用的主语是situation,谓语动词是was,不能强调需要表达的重点概念,可以改为下面这句话:

My grandfather couldn’t study engineering because his father needed help on the farm.

2.避免频繁使用“there be”结构,例如下面的句子:

There were 25 cows on the farm that my grandfather had to milk every day.It was hard work for my grandfather.

可以改为:My grandfather worked hard. He had to milk 25 cows on the farm every day.

更简洁的句式为:

My grandfather worked hard milking 25 cows daily.

托福写作语法问题深入分析 如何选择恰当的表达方式?图2

3.把从句改为短语或单词。例如:

Dairy cows were raised on the farm, which was located 100 kilometers from the nearest university and was in an area that was remote.

简介的表达方式为:

The dairy farm was located in a remote area, 100 kilometers to the nearest university.

4.仅在需要强调宾语而不是主语的时候,才使用被动语态。例如:

In the fall, not only did the cows have to be milked, but also the hay was mowed and stacked by my grandfather’s family.

本句不够简洁的原因是本句的重心应该是“忙碌的家庭-my grandfather’s

family”,而使用了被动语态后,仿佛重心变成了cows和hay。下面的表达方式是主动语态,相对来说更简洁一些:

In the fall, my grandfather’s family not only milked the cow but also mowed and stacked the hay.

5.用更为精确的一个动词来代替动词短语,例如下面这句话:

My grandfather didn’t have time to stand around doing nothing with his school friends.

Stand around doing nothing其实可以用一个动词来表达,即loiter:My grandfather didn’t have time to loiter with his school friends.

托福写作语法问题深入分析 如何选择恰当的表达方式?图3

6.有时两句话的信息经过组合完全可以用一句话来简练地表达,例如:

Profits from the farm were not large. Sometimes they were too small to meet the expenses of running a farm. They were not sufficient to pay for a university degree.

两句话的信息可以合并为下面这句更为简洁的句子:

Profits from the farm were sometimes too small to meet operational expenses,let alone pay for a university degree.

上述这些托福写作中语法改写的实际案例,不知道大家有没有看懂呢?学会更恰当的表达方式,你的作文得分就能有所提升了。

特别申明:本文内容来源网络,版权归原作者所有,如有侵权请立即与我们联系contactus@zhan.com,我们将及时处理。

相关文章

托福独立写作难点剖析 把握写作思路的4种做法 【托福写作提分】你必须掌握的37个高分副词 托福写作的4个关键点 保你让考官眼前一亮 【托福写作提分】用合理的文章结构打动考官 【托福写作范文】托福写作满分范文——对于人们上班和上学的着... 【托福写作】满分范文——为了成功最好不要与众不同 灵活运用高分作文模板 轻松制胜托福写作 【托福作文备考】学会如何准确运用转折词

专题推荐

未输入验证码
未输入验证码
未输入验证码
获取验证码
免费领取

你可能需要的资料

小站教育托福官方群

群号:857201332

「扫二维码 加入群聊」
加入
日排行
周排行
托福关键词
版权申明| 隐私保护| 意见反馈| 联系我们| 关于我们| 网站地图| 最新资讯
© 2011-2019 ZHAN.com All Rights Reserved. 沪ICP备15003744号-3
沪公网安备 31010602002658号