托福独立写作范文赏析 Because environmental issues are too complicated, individuals can do nothing to……
- 2018年05月03日19:35 来源：小站整理
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托福写作的提升除了需要行之有效的练习与反思，更需要合理借鉴揣摩范文的优秀之处，下面我们来看一篇托福独立写作范文赏析：Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Because environmental issues are too complicated, individuals can do nothing to solve them.
Our current environmental problems grow ever more serious. Sometimes they seem so serious and confusing that it seems an individual could never do anything to help fi x the problems. Personally speaking, I believe that individuals can make a difference. There are at least two areas where the efforts of ordinary individuals can be meaningful in solving environmental issues.
Firstly, individuals can protect environment by changing their ways of waste disposal. If every person would classify his or her garbage before throwing it away, much of it could be recycled and pollution could be reduced. Just take beverage cans as one example. Recent surveys suggest that over 7,000 tons of waste beverage cans go un-recycled each year in America alone. The cost of finding these cans after they have been thrown away, reclassifying them as recyclable and then sending them to be recycled is far higher than simply making new ones. However, if individuals would sort their cans before they discard them, and then discard them into the proper containers, the expense of recycling would decline greatly and there would be reduction in absolute pollution caused by the beverage cans. This is just one area where an individual can make a difference.
Secondly, environmental problems will be somewhat revolved once individuals in society consume less energy. It is because the requirement of natural resources used to produce energy will reduce and as a result, the environmental damage human inflicts will also decline. As an academic survey indicates, if every family in American could reduce their electricity use by 5% a year,1.65 billion units would be saved. It means that the generator motived by coals in the whole country can take a break for more than a month. In fact, not only can it make human’s requirement of natural resources less, but also it can alleviate the air pollution caused by burning coals. Consequently, for winning the battle of protecting environment, individuals’ endeavor, undoubtedly, is a great strength that should not be ignored.
Admittedly, most people do not have the specialized knowledge and skills to tackle many issues related to the environment. Besides, they do not have the influence to change entire systems. Nevertheless, the claim that individuals can do nothing to solve these issues is an obvious overstatement. In fact, the power that individual can exert is much more than we can expect.
In conclusion, I disagree with the idea that individuals can do nothing in solving environmental problems since the issues are too complicated.
首先，人们可以通过改变垃圾丢弃的方式，来保护环境。如果每个人都能在丢掉垃圾之前将其分类，那么这些垃圾中的一大部分就可以被回收，进而减少污染。以饮料罐为例。最近一项调查显示，仅在美国，每年就有超过 7000 吨废饮料罐未能得到回收。如果人们要找回这些已丢弃的饮料罐，并将其重新分类、回收利用，其成本要比制造新罐子高得多。然而，如果人们可以事先分拣出这些废罐子，并将它们扔到相应的垃圾箱里，回收的费用则将大大下降，而由饮料罐引起的污染也会有所减少。以上这不过是个人能够为环保做出贡献的诸多领域之一。
其次，如果每个人能够降低自己对能源的消耗，那么环境问题也将在一定程度上得到解决。这是由于人们不再需要消耗大量的自然资源来制造能源。自然资源消耗的下降及工业生产的缩减，会降低人类对环境造成的损害。一份学术调查表明，如果所有的美国家庭每年能减少 5% 的用电量，那么便可节省 16.5 亿度电，而这意味着全国以燃煤为动力的发电机可以少工作一月有余。事实上， 那不仅能减少人们对自然资源的消耗，同时也能够减轻因烧煤而引起的空气污染。因此，要赢得环保战斗的胜利，个人的努力，毫无疑问，是一个不应被忽视的强大力量。
disposal [dɪˈspəʊz(ə)l] n. ( 事情的 ) 处置; ( 废物的 ) 清理、处理sort [sɔː(r)t] vt. 将……分类;挑选出某物discard [dɪsˈkɑː(r)d] vt. 抛弃;丢弃generator [ˈdʒenəˌreɪtə(r) ] n. 发电机;生产者tackle [ˈtæk(ə)l] vt. 处理;与……交涉make a difference：有影响;起作用for winning the battle of：为了获取……斗争的胜利
I disagree with the idea that ...：我不同意……的观点sth. is much more than we can expect：某事(物)大大超出了我们的预期in fact, not only can it make human’s requirement of natural resources less, but also it can alleviate the air pollution caused by burning coals: 事实上，那不仅能减少人们对自然资源的消耗， 同时也能够减轻因燃煤而引起的空气污染注：本句 not only 的分句中使用了倒装结构，对句子加以强调，情态动词 can 提到了形式主语it的前面。需要注意的是后一个分句，即 but also引导的分句不倒装，can 仍然在主语 it 之后。此外，本句还使用了后置定语结构 caused by burningcoals，对宾语 air pollution 进行修饰。