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【小站原创】TPO36托福阅读文本及答案解析(Industrial Melanism: The Case of the Peppered Moth)

2017年06月09日18:26 来源:小站教育作者:小站托福编辑
参与(1) 阅读(4337)
摘要:想要全面的了解托福阅读的各类题型,相信TPO材料就是一个不错的选择了。那么,在以下内容中,我们就为大家带来TPO36托福阅读文本及答案解析(Industrial Melanism: The Case of the Peppered Moth),希望能为大家的备考带来帮助。

托福阅读的备考过程中,除了大量的阅读之外,全面了解托福阅读的题型和解题方法也都是非常重要的环节。那么,在以下内容中就为大家带来TPO36中托福阅读文章题目及相关解析内容,希望能为大家的备考带来帮助。

【小站原创】TPO36托福阅读文本及答案解析(Industrial Melanism: The Case of the Peppered Moth)图1

1. Which of the sentences below best expresses the essential information in the highlighted sentence in the passage? Incorrect choices change the meaning in important ways or leave out essential information.

A. Peppered moth populations gradually increased in size, with dark-colored moths increasing their numbers fastest in the industrialized areas of Germany and England.

B. Over a period of decades, dark-colored peppered moths came to certain areas of the Ruhr Valley and the Midlands and became the dominant forms there.

C. In Germany and England, dark-colored peppered moths forced most light-colored moths out of their territories.

D. While they also increased elsewhere, dark-colored peppered moths gradually became the dominant form in areas of extreme industrialization.

Paragraph 2 is marked with ►

答案:

D选项正确

解析:

本题所说高亮部分定位在这里:Over a period of decades, dark-colored forms became an increasingly large fraction of some populations and eventually came to dominate peppered moth populations in certain areas —especially those of extreme industrialization such as the Ruhr Valley of Germany and the Midlands of England. 这句话的大意是黑色的蛾子在所有蛾子中所占比例逐渐加大,进而在某些地区成为了优势物种,特别是在有大型工业的地区。选项D是这句话的同义转述,选择;选项A是说这种黑色蛾子在体积上变大,原文里并没有提,错误;选项B是说黑色蛾子来到了两个工业地区,并快速繁殖,占领优势地位,因果关系错误;选项C是说黑色蛾子把浅色蛾子赶走了,原文里也没有说。选择D。

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——小站托福频道,http://toefl.zhan.com/
本文中解析部分均为小站原创,小站教育享有对该内容的一切权益。转载请以超链接形式标注本文出处,并附上此申明,否则将追究法律责任。
特别申明:本文来自于小站教育【TPO】专栏,转载请以超链接形式标注本文出处,并附上此申明,否则将追究法律责任。
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