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托福阅读真题练习:苏美尔人的文本+题目+答案

2017年12月08日14:21 来源:小站整理
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摘要:托福阅读真题哪里有?大家平时备考托福阅读考试的时候都用的是哪些真题呢?除了TPO的托福阅读真题以外,大家进行托福阅读的练习大多数可能都是根据老托资料或者是课外资料来练习了。那么到哪里去找到托福阅读真题来进行练习呢?

托福阅读如何进行备考?除了大量的托福词汇储备以外,大家可能最需要的就是托福阅读真题的练习。那么除了TPO你还有哪些托福阅读真题进行练习呢?今天小编就为大家整理了托福阅读真题100篇:苏美尔人的文本、题目以及答案,希望可以帮助到大家。

托福阅读真题练习:苏美尔人的文本+题目+答案图1

托福阅读100篇真题练习汇总:http://toefl.zhan.com/tfziliao63739.html

托福阅读文本:

Archaeological discoveries have led some scholars to believe that the first Mesopotamian

inventors of writing may have been a people the later Babylonians called Subarians. According to

tradition, they came from the north and moved into Uruk in the south. By about 3100 B.C., they

were apparently subjugated in southern Mesopotamia by the Sumerians, whose name became

synonymous with the region immediately north of the Persian Gulf, in the fertile lower valleys of

the Tigris and Euphrates. Here the Sumerians were already well established by the year 3000 B.C.

They had invented bronze, an alloy that could be cast in molds, out of which they made tools and

weapons. They lived in cities, and they had begun to acquire and use capital. Perhaps most

important, the Sumerians adapted writing (probably from the Subarians) into a flexible tool of

communication.

Archaeologists have known about the Sumerians for over 150 years. Archaeologists working at

Nineveh in northern Mesopotamia in the mid-nineteenth century found many inscribed clay tablets.

Some they could decipher because the language was a Semitic one (Akkadian), on which scholars

had already been working for a generation. But other tablets were inscribed in another language

that was not Semitic and previously unknown. Because these inscriptions made reference to the

king of Sumer and Akkad, a scholar suggested that the new language be called Sumerian.

But it was not until the 1890's that archaeologists excavating in city-states well to the south of

Nineveh found many thousands of tablets inscribed in Sumerian only. Because the Akkadians

thought of Sumerian as a classical language (as ancient Greek and Latin are considered today),

they taught it to educated persons and they inscribed vocabulary, translation exercises, and other

study aids on tablets. Working from known Akkadian to previously unknown Sumerian, scholars

since the 1890's have learned how to read the Sumerian language moderately well. Vast quantities

of tablets in Sumerian have been unearthed during the intervening years from numerous sites.

托福阅读题目:

1.According to the passage , the inventors of written language in Mesopotamia were probably the

(A) Babylonians

(B) Subarians

(C)Akkadians

(D) Sumerians

2. The word "subjugated" in line 4 is closest in meaning to

(A) distinguished

(B) segregated

(C) concentrated

(D) conquered

3. The phrase "synonymous with" in line 5 is closest in meaning to

(A) equivalent to

(B) important for

(C) respected in

(D) familiar with

4. According to the passage , by the year 3000 B.C. the Sumerians had already done all of the

following EXCEPT:

(A) They had abandoned the area north of the Persian Gulf.

(B) They had established themselves in cities.

(C) They had started to communicate through

(D) They had created bronze tools and weapons.

5. The word "some" in line 14 refers to

(A)Archaeologists

(B) Sumerians

(C) years

(D) clay tablets

6. Which of the following can be inferred from the passage concerning the Sumerians?

(A) They were descendants of the Persians.

(B) They were the first people to cultivate the valley of the Tigris.

(C) They were accomplished musicians.

(D) They had the beginnings of an economy.

7. According to the passage , when did archaeologists begin to be able to understand tablets

inscribed in Sumerian?

(A) in the early nineteenth century

(B) more than 150 years ago

(C) after the 1890's

(D) in the mid-eighteenth century

8. According to the passage , in what way did the Sumerian language resemble ancient Greek and

Latin?

(A) It was invented in Mesopotamia.

(B) It became well established around 3000 B.C.

(C) It became a classical language.

(D) It was used exclusively for business transactions.

9. The word "excavating" in line 19 is closest in meaning to

(A) living

(B) digging

(C) assembling

(D) building

10.According to the passage , how did archaeologists learn to read the Sumerian language?

(A) by translating the work of the Subarians

(B) by using their knowledge of spoken Semitic languages

(C) by comparing Sumerian to other classical languages

(D) by using their knowledge of Akkadian

托福阅读答案:

BDAAD DCCBD

以上就是小编为大家整理的托福阅读100篇真题练习:岩石的文本、题目以及答案,大家在托福阅读考试进行备考的过程当中也可以拿这些题目来进行练习,相信对于你的托福阅读考试成绩提升会很有帮助。最后,小编预祝大家托福考试能取得理想的成绩。

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