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托福阅读真题练习:新建筑的起源的文本+题目+答案

2017年12月07日14:46 来源:小站整理
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摘要:托福阅读真题哪里有?大家平时备考托福阅读考试的时候都用的是哪些真题呢?除了TPO的托福阅读真题以外,大家进行托福阅读的练习大多数可能都是根据老托资料或者是课外资料来练习了。那么到哪里去找到托福阅读真题来进行练习呢?

托福阅读如何进行备考?除了大量的托福词汇储备以外,大家可能最需要的就是托福阅读真题的练习。那么除了TPO你还有哪些托福阅读真题进行练习呢?今天小编就为大家整理了托福阅读真题100篇:新建筑的起源的文本、题目以及答案,希望可以帮助到大家。

托福阅读真题练习:新建筑的起源的文本+题目+答案图1

托福阅读100篇真题练习汇总:http://toefl.zhan.com/tfziliao63739.html

托福阅读文本:

The origins of nest-building remain obscure, but current observations of nest-building

activities provide evidence of their evolution. Clues to this evolutionary process can be found in

the activities of play and in the behavior and movements of birds during mating, such as incessant

pulling at strips of vegetation or scraping of the soil. During the early days of the reproductive

cycle, the birds seem only to play with the building materials. In preparation for mating, they

engage in activities that resemble nest-building, and continue these activities throughout and even

after the mating cycle. Effective attempts at construction occur only after mating.

Although nest-building is an instinctive ability, there is considerable adaptability in both site

selection and use of materials, especially with those species which build quite elaborate

constructions. Furthermore, some element of learning is often evident since younger birds do not

build as well as their practiced elders. Young ravens, for example, first attempt to build with sticks

of quite unsuitable size, while a jackdaw's first nest includes virtually any movable object. The

novelist John Steinbeck recorded the contents of a young osprey nest built in his garden, which

included three shirts, a bath towel, and one arrow.

Birds also display remarkable behavior in collecting building materials. Crows have been seen

to tear off stout green twigs, and sparrowhawks will dive purposefully onto a branch until it snaps

and then hang upside down to break it off. Golden eagles, over generations of work, construct

enormous nests. One of these, examined after it had been dislodged by high winds, weighed

almost two tons and included foundation branches almost two meters long. The carrying capacity

of the eagles, however, is only relative to their size and most birds are able to carry an extra load

of just over twenty percent of their body weight.

托福阅读题目:

1. The word "obscure" in line 1 is closest in meaning to

(A) interesting

(B) unclear

(C) imperfect

(D) complex

2. According to the passage , which of the following activities is characteristic of the early part of

the reproductive cycle of birds?

(A) Selecting a mate

(B) Collecting nest-building materials

(C) Playing with nest-building materials

(D) Building a nest

3. The word "display" in line 17 is closest in meaning to

(A) communicate

(B) imitate

(C) initiate

(D) exhibit

4. The novelist John Steinbeck is mentioned in line 14 because he

(A) conducted a scientific study on the behavior of ospreys

(B) was the first to describe where ospreys built their nests

(C) described the materials ospreys can use to build their nests

(D) compared the size of osprey nests with the nests of other species

5. Which of the following birds are mentioned as those that build nests that include unusual

objects?

(A) Ravens

(B) Ospreys

(C) Crows

(D) Sparrowhawks

6. According to the passage , when gathering materials to build their nests, sparrowhawks do

which of the following?

(A) Hang upside down

(B) Select only green twigs

(C) Use objects blowing in the wind

(D) Collect more branches than necessary

7. The word "these" in line 20 refers to

(A) golden eagles

(B) generations

(C) winds

(D) nests

8. The word "load" in line 23 is closest in meaning to

(A) weight

(B) number

(C) section

(D) level

9. The author mentions twenty percent in line 23 to indicate that

(A) eagles are twenty percent bigger than most birds

(B) twenty percent of all nests include foundation branches

(C) the nests of eagles are twenty percent of larger than those of other birds

(D) birds can carry twenty percent more of their own weight

托福阅读答案:

BCDCBADAD

以上就是小编为大家整理的托福阅读100篇真题练习:新建筑的起源的文本、题目以及答案,大家在托福阅读考试进行备考的过程当中也可以拿这些题目来进行练习,相信对于你的托福阅读考试成绩提升会很有帮助。最后,小编预祝大家托福考试能取得理想的成绩。

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