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托福阅读真题练习:鸟类筑巢的文本+题目+答案

2017年12月06日14:52 来源:小站整理
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摘要:托福阅读真题哪里有?大家平时备考托福阅读考试的时候都用的是哪些真题呢?除了TPO的托福阅读真题以外,大家进行托福阅读的练习大多数可能都是根据老托资料或者是课外资料来练习了。那么到哪里去找到托福阅读真题来进行练习呢?

托福阅读如何进行备考?除了大量的托福词汇储备以外,大家可能最需要的就是托福阅读真题的练习。那么除了TPO你还有哪些托福阅读真题进行练习呢?今天小编就为大家整理了托福阅读真题100篇:鸟类筑巢的文本、题目以及答案,希望可以帮助到大家。

托福阅读真题练习:鸟类筑巢的文本+题目+答案图1

托福阅读100篇真题练习汇总:http://toefl.zhan.com/tfziliao63739.html

托福阅读文本:

The most thoroughly studied cases of deception strategies employed by ground-nesting birds

involve plovers, small birds that typically nest on beaches or in open fields, their nests merely

scrapes in the sand or earth. Plovers also have an effective repertoire of tricks for distracting

potential nest predators from their exposed and defenseless eggs or chicks.

The ever-watchful plover can detect a possible threat at a considerable distance. When she

does, the nesting bird moves inconspicuously off the nest to a spot well away from eggs or chicks.

At this point she may use one of several ploys. One technique involves first moving quietly

toward an approaching animal and then setting off noisily through the grass or brush in a low,

crouching run away from the nest, while emitting rodent like squeaks. The effect mimics a

scurrying mouse or vole, and the behavior rivets the attention of the type of predators that would

also be interested in eggs and chicks.

Another deception begins with quiet movement to an exposed and visible location well away

from the nest. Once there, the bird pretends to incubate a brood. When the predator approaches,

the parent flees, leaving the false nest to be searched. The direction in which the plover "escapes"

is such that if the predator chooses to follow, it will be led still further away from the true nest.

The plover's most famous stratagem is the broken-wing display, actually a continuum of

injury-mimicking behaviors spanning the range from slight disability to near-complete

helplessness. One or both wings are held in an abnormal position, suggesting injury. The bird

appears to be attempting escape along an irregular route that indicates panic. In the most extreme

version of the display, the bird flaps one wing in an apparent attempt to take to the air, flops over

helplessly, struggles back to its feet, runs away a short distance, seemingly attempts once more to

take off, flops over again as the "useless" wing fails to provide any lift, and so on. Few predators

fail to pursue such obviously vulnerable prey. Needless to say, each short run between "flight

attempts" is directed away from the nest.

托福阅读题目:

1. What does the passage mainly discuss?

(A) The nest-building techniques of plovers

(B) How predators search for plovers

(C) The strategies used by plovers to deceive predators

(D) Why plovers are vulnerable to predators

2. The word "merely" in fine 3 is closest in meaning to

(A) often

(B) only

(C) usually

(D) at first

3. Which of the following is mentioned in the passage about plovers?

(A) Their eggs and chicks are difficult to find.

(B) They are generally defenseless when away from their nests.

(C) They are slow to react in dangerous situations.

(D) Their nests are on the surface of the ground.

4. The word "emitting" in line 10 is closest in meaning to

(A) bringing

(B) attracting

(C) producing

(D) minimizing

5. In the deception technique described in paragraph 2, the plover tries to

(A) stay close to her nest

(B) attract the predator's attention

(C) warn other plovers of danger

(D) frighten the approaching predator

6. The word "spanning" in line 19 is closest in meaning to

(A) covering

(B) selecting

(C) developing

(D) explaining

7. According to paragraph 4, which of the following aspects of the plover's behavior gives the

appearance that it is frightened?

(A)Abnormal body position

(B) Irregular escape route

(C) Unnatural wing movement

(D) Unusual amount of time away from the nest

8. The word "pursue" in line 25 is closest in meaning to

(A) catch

(B) notice

(C) defend

(D) chase

9. According to the passage , a female plover utilizes all of the following deception techniques

EXCEPT

(A) appearing to be injured

(B) sounding like another animal

(C) pretending to search for prey

(D) pretending to sit on her eggs

10. Which of the following best describes the organization of the passage ?

(A)A description of the sequence of steps involved in plovers nest building

(B)A generalization about plover behavior followed by specific examples

(C)A comparison and contrast of the nesting behavior of plovers and other ground nesting birds

(D)A cause-and-effect analysis of the relationship between a prey and a predator

托福阅读答案:

CBDCBABDCB

以上就是小编为大家整理的托福阅读100篇真题练习:鸟类筑巢的文本、题目以及答案,大家在托福阅读考试进行备考的过程当中也可以拿这些题目来进行练习,相信对于你的托福阅读考试成绩提升会很有帮助。最后,小编预祝大家托福考试能取得理想的成绩。

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