- 2019年04月16日14:41 来源：小站整理
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Which is more important, book knowledge or experience?
It has been said, "Not everything that is learned is contained in books." Compare and contrast knowledge gained from experience with knowledge gained from books. In your opinion, which source is more important? Why?
大家要注意这道题目两种做法都有很多内容可以说，所以一定要先进行比较，如果选择从书本中获取的知识角度来写，那么这种方式的优点是了解的知识类型题材、范围更多、学习内容更有深度更加系统化。缺点是书本上的知识有时过于教条、也不见得完全准确。如果大家选择从实践中获取知识，那么优点是获取直接、简单明了、更具实用性、同时有些知识无法从书本中获得只能靠实践来积累。从缺点展开，则可以说这种获取知识的方式缺乏体系，有很大的随意性，很容易让学习者产生片面理解。另外，老师不建议大家为了树立一个观点拼命踩另一个观点，也就是不一定要说A比B更重要，或者B比A更重要。大家可以选择在不同的情况下进行不同的比较，比如学习抽象知识，书本是最好的来源。学习游泳，这只能靠经验。另外，大多数的知识要书本经验相结合才可以。大家还可以从知识所属的科目来展开，有些科目或者知识适合通过实践学习，比如，语言，体育；有些科目或者知识适合通过阅读学习，比如，物理、化学、历史、地理；还有些科目或者知识适合通过与别人交流来学习，比如销售技巧;管理技巧。总之尽量避免一概而论(treat different things/problems/matters] as the same)，要看学什么，以及学习的阶段。
In general, knowledge gained from books has a wider range than that gained from experience. We now live in a world that typophile is no longer overpriced, and that printed matters are readily available. In libraries, we can learn nearly everything only if we have already acquired basic reading skills, philosophy, history, literature, physics, mathematics, chemicals, biology, geography, anthropology, and the list will go on. Unlike the experience of an individual that is limited by the range of that individual, books seem to have almost no limitation. Sitting in the local library, we virtually can travel everywhere through an interesting geographic encyclopedia, and certainly, with nearly no expense at all.
On the other hand, it can be argued that sometimes knowledge gained from experience is much deeper and more comprehensive than that gained from books. It is quite true that not every thing is contained in books. How to deal with personal finance, how to cope with current social trends, even how to most effectively organize our own mind, and numerous other things can seldom be found thoroughly and comprehensively discussed in books, we have to gain the knowledge by our own experience. And the sad news is that even some knowledge that is contained in books usually needs further comprehension, mainly through experience. As to which source is more important, the answers vary. Some knowledge can be acquired only through books. It's hard to imagine we can have a good understanding of history without reading books. On the other hand, some knowledge can be obtained only through experience. When we try to learn to swim, merely a detailed manual of swimming skills, even abundantly filled with illustrations, is at most useless. We have to jump into the water and then gain the knowledge with experience. We have to use books and experience as source simultaneously to get what we want to know. Take learning physics for example, both books and experiences are equally important sources, and examples as such are numerous.
Therefore, I think whether one source is more important than the other depends on circumstances.