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托福写作黄金替换词,紧紧握住别放手(上)

2018年04月26日14:13 来源:小站整理
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摘要:英语词汇是非常丰富的,托福考试阅卷人也往往比较看重考生是否能够灵活运用多样化的词汇和表达。小站君给大家梳理了一些托福写作高分替换词,希望能够帮助到大家。

考生在托福写作考试中,往往存在词汇贫乏的通病,整篇文章一词用到底,不作任何变化。其实英语词汇是非常丰富的,托福考试阅卷人也往往比较看重考生是否能够灵活运用多样化的词汇和表达。小站君给大家梳理了一些托福写作高分替换词,希望能够帮助到大家。

托福写作黄金替换词,紧紧握住别放手(上)图1

第一批

famous 著名的、出众的

替换词:distinguished (used to describe people who are successful in their career)

ancient 古老的

替换词:archaic (extremely old and extremely old-fashioned)

possible 可能的、合理的

替换词:feasible (if something is feasible, it can be done, made or achieved)

so 因此

替换词:consequently / accordingly

rare 很少发生的

替换词:infrequent (doesn’t happen often)

careful 小心的、谨慎的

替换词:cautious (very careful in order to avoid danger) / prudent (careful and sensible)

dislike 不喜欢、厌恶

替换词:abhor (abhor means you hate something to a extreme extent for moral reasons) / loathe (dislike very much)

near 附近的

替换词:adjacent (two things next to each other) / adjoin (the same as adjacent)

common 普遍的

替换词:universal / ubiquitous (if something is ubiquitous, it seems to be everywhere)

important 重要的

替换词:crucial (extremely important) / significant (amount or effect large enough to be important)

第二批

consider sth. valuable 觉得某物有价值

替换词:value sth. / treasure sth. / cherish sth.

solve 解决

替换词:tackle / combat / address

choose sth. / choose to do sth. 选择(做)某事

替换词:opt for sth. / opt to do sth.

achieve 实现

替换词:fulfill

appear in large numbers 大量出现

替换词:sprout up / mushroom

pay…for (one's loss) 支付(损失)

替换词:compensate…for…

contribute to 有助于

替换词:promote / facilitate(这两个词都是及物动词,所以不需要跟 to)

hate 厌恶、反对

替换词:resent / hold a grudge against

is not limited to… 不限于

替换词:is not restricted to…/ is not confined to…

第三批

famous people 名人

替换词:celebrities (单数为 celebrity)

opinion 观点

替换词:perspective / standpoint (means looking at an event or situation in a particular way)

complex 复杂的

替换词:intricate (if something is intricate, it often has many small parts and details)

part 部分

替换词:component

person 人

替换词:individual

friends 朋友、同伴

替换词:companions

enemy 敌人

替换词:opponent / foe

narrow minds 狭隘的头脑或观念

替换词:nsular minds

boring 无聊的

替换词:tedious (if you describe something tedious, you mean it is boring and frustrating)

cold 寒冷的

替换词:chilly (unpleasantly cold) / icy (extremely cold)

dangerous 危险的

替换词:perilous (very dangerous) / hazardous (dangerous, especially to people's safety and health)

第四批

be punished by the law 被法律制裁

替换词:be brought to justice

It is common for sb. to… 对…来说很普遍

替换词:It is standard practice for sb. to…

in this aspect 在这方面

替换词:in this regard / in this respect

in fact 事实上、本质上

替换词:as a matter of fact / in essence / essentially

It is impossible that… 不可能

替换词:It is highly unlikely that…

The cause of A is B. A 的原因是 B

替换词:A can be attributed to B / A can be ascribed to B

sth. stops 某物静止不动

替换词:sth. comes to a standstill

carry out 开展

替换词:launch / conduct

pace of life 生活节奏

替换词:rhythm of life / tempo of life

adapt to 适应

替换词:adjust to / acclimate

第五批

try hard to do sth. 努力做某事

替换词:pursue sth. / make a strenuous (an arduous/ a painstaking) effort to do sth.

decrease 下降

替换词:decline / dwindle(特指逐渐缓慢的减少)/ dip / slip (后两个词用来指短促的下降)

develop fast 发展迅速

替换词:flourish / thrive

develop 培养、培育

替换词:cultivate / foster / nurture(这三个词后面经常跟和教育有关的名词,比如 cultivate an interest in social issues)

support 支持

替换词:buttress / bolster

work hard 努力工作、专心工作

替换词:work assiduously

consider 深思、考虑

替换词:contemplate / reflect on / ponder

meet 遇到

替换词:encounter(多用于政府,文化或者 success 这样偏大一些的话题)

provide sth. 提供某物

替换词:afford sth.(在正式英文写作中,afford 经常可以表示「提供」)

like sth. very much 非常喜欢某物

替换词:have an affinity for sth. / have a strong attachment to sth.


需要注意的是这些替换词大家一定要学会合理使用,要结合自己写作实际需要去进行替换,如果只是为了让文章显得很高大上而进行盲目地辞藻堆砌,难免画蛇添足,毕竟托福写作除了考察考生的语言表达,也很看重考生的逻辑思维能力和行文风格。

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