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托福听力态度题:把握提示词做好分析

2018年04月23日15:55 来源:小站整理
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摘要:托福听力态度题考察考生对听力材料中说话人态度的理解。在讲座中,教授通常讲解对某项研究不同团队所做出的假设,教授通常对此类研究也会表明自己的态度:证实假设,假设错误,有待研究,具体情况需具体分析,或者没有结果,将来才能得到答案。

托福听力态度题考察考生对听力材料中说话人态度的理解。所谓说话人的态度,是指对发生过的事件或者科学研究所表达的看法,一般可以分为4类:支持,反对,怀疑或者客观。态度题的提问方式一般为:

What is the student's attitude toward ?

What is the speaker's opinion of ?

What does the professor think of ?

What is the professor's point of view concerning…?

托福听力态度题:把握提示词做好分析图1

有时教授会通过语音语调直接表达自己对某事的态度,有时文章中则会出现评价性的语言,当我们听到评价性语言时,我们一定要注意记笔记,因为这里通常会有态度题出现,表示评价的提示词有favorable, approval, enthusiastic , supportive,disapproval, dissatisfied, objection, opposition, critical, compromising, concerned,suspicious, incredulous, skeptical, questionable,neutral, impartial, disinterested, unprejudiced, unbiased, detached等。

在讲座中,教授通常讲解对某项研究不同团队所做出的假设,教授通常对此类研究也会表明自己的态度:证实假设,假设错误,有待研究,具体情况需具体分析,或者没有结果,将来才能得到答案。

例如:TPO4 L3 Moving Rocks这篇文章中,教授提到“风+雨”的理论时说道:

How about wind combined with rain? The ground of this desert is made of clay. It’s a desert, so it’s dry. But when there is the occasional rain, the clay ground becomes extremely slippery. It’s hard for anyone to stand on, walk on. Some scientists theorized that perhaps when the ground is slippery the high winds can then move the rocks. There’s a problem with this theory. One team of scientists flooded an area of the desert with water, then try to establish how much wind force would be necessary to move the rocks. And get this,you need winds of at least five hundred miles an hour to move just the smallest rocks! And winds that strong have never been recorded. Ever! Not on this planet. So I think it’s safe to say that that issues has been settled.

【翻译】:那风加雨怎么样呢?这片沙漠是由黏土构成的,因为是沙漠,所以很干燥。然而,偶然有雨时,黏土地就会变得格外滑,人无法站立,无法行走。一些科学家设想当地面湿滑,风就能推动这些岩石。这个理论有个问题。一个科学家团队将沙漠的一片区域弄湿,试着测试多大风力可以将岩石移动。让最小的岩石移动,需要风速至少500英里每小时。地球上从来没有见过这么强劲的风力。从来没有!所以,我认为这一问题已经被解决了。

The professor mentions experiments on the wind speed necessary to move rocks. What is the professor’s attitude toward the experiments?

A. Their results were decisive.

B. They were not carried out carefully.

C. They were not continued long enough to reach a conclusion.

D. The government should not have allowed the experiments.

这道题的答案为A.

由attitude一词,判断出本题为态度题。从这个例子中我们能够看出,当有事例时,后面常常会有评价性语言出现,这里会有态度题出现。这题当中出现了 a problem,never,以及教授强烈语气的ever,还有So I think it’s safe to say that that issues has been settled. 完全表明了教授的态度,实验决定性地证明了风加雨理论的错误,也就是我们所提到的假设错误,那么答案就是A.

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