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托福词汇模拟练习题精选试题(八)

托福单词记忆对于大多数托福考生来说是一大难点。托福词汇的学习需要放在文章语境中去记忆和理解。以下为大家带来十道托福词汇模拟练习题精选试题(八),希望对大家托福备考有所帮助!

431. Glass fibers were little more than a novelty until the 1930's, when their thermal and electrical insulating properties were appreciated and methods for producing continuous filaments were developed.

The word "appreciated" is closest in meaning to which of following?

(A) experienced

(B) recognized

(C) explored

(D) increased

432. The scarce fossils of the Proterozoic, mostly single-celled bacteria, provide little evidence in this regard. However, the rocks themselves do include the earliest evidence for glaciation, probably a global ice age.

The word "scarce" is closest in meaning to which of following?

(A) ancient

(B) tiny

(C) available

(D) rare

433. In 2.3-billion-year-old rocks in Canada near Lake Huron (dating from the early part of the Proterozoic age), there are thin laminae of fine-grained sediments that resemble varves, the annual layers of sediment deposited in glacial lakes.

The word "resemble" is closest in meaning to which of following?

(A) result from

(B) penetrate

(C) look like

(D) replace

434. Watching the behaviors diverse animal species in their natural habitats, Lorenz, and Tinbergen observed behavior patterns that promote survival.

The word "diverse" is closest in meaning to which of following?

(A) small

(B) varied

(C) wild

(D) particular

435. The most well-known of these is imprinting, the early following behavior of certain baby birds that ensures that the young will stay close to their mother and be fed and protected from danger.

The word "ensures" is closest in meaning to which of following?

(A) guarantees

(B) proves

(C) teaches

(D) assumes

436. It refers to a limited time span during which the child is biologically prepared to acquire certain adaptive behaviors but needs the support of suitably stimulating environment.

The word "suitably" is closest in meaning to which of following?

(A) willingly

(B) moderately

(C) appropriately

(D) emotionally

437. The development of attachment in human infants is a lengthy process involving changes in psychological structures that lead to a deep affectional tie between parent and baby.

The phrase "affectional tie" is closest in meaning to which of following?

(A) cognitive development

(B) emotional attachment

(C) psychological need

(D) behavioral change

438. Locke strongly suggested that individuals, while accepting their Americanism, take pride in their African ancestral arts and urged artists to look to Africa for substance and inspiration.

The word "urged" is closest in meaning to which of following?

(A) prepared

(B) defined

(C) permitted

(D) encouraged

439. From this unity created by the convergence of artists from various social and geographical backgrounds came a new spirit, which, particularly in densely populated Harlem, was to result in greater group awareness and self-determination.

The word "convergence" is closest in meaning to which of following?

(A) gathering

(B) promotion

(C) expression

(D) influence

440. African American graphic artists took their place beside the poets and writers of the Harlem Renaissance and carried on efforts to increase and promote the visual arts.

The phrase "carried on" is closest in meaning to which of following?

(A) continued

(B) praised

(C) transformed

(D) connected

参考答案:B D C B A C B D A A

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