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托福考试的同义句互换整理清单

2018年08月15日17:32 来源:小站整理
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摘要: 托福考试中对于考生的句式运用有较高要求。如果考生缺乏对句式的灵活运用能力,回答整篇文章都在使用简单句式,很难得到理想分数。小站君将为大家汇总分享托福中同义句的互换,并结合实例帮助大家掌握这些句式的正确写法提升文章句式使用水平。帮助考生的八月托福考试取得高分。

托福备考的过程中,考生想要冲刺托福高分,相信大家都了解,除了需要掌握托福各科相对应的基本技巧之外,优化写作和口语中的句式也是冲刺高分的关键所在。当我们想使用原因表意思的话,除了because,cause,due to,hence,引导的句式之外,考生还会想到其他的同义句的互换吗?,今天小站君就为大家介绍一些高分的同义句互换。


托福考试的同义句互换整理清单图1



托福口语部分


一、表示原因

1、There are three reasons for this。

2、The reasons for this are as follows。

3、The reason for this is obvious。

4、The reason for this is not far to seek。

5、The reason for this is that.。。

6、We have good reason to believe that.。。

例如:

There are three reasons for the changes that have taken place in our life. Firstly, people’s living standard has been greatly improved. Secondly, most people are well paid, and they can afford what they need or like. Last but not least, more and more people prefer to enjoy modern life。

注:如考生写第一个句子没有把握,可将其改写成两个句子。如:Great changes have taken place in our life. There are three reasons for this.这样写可以避免套用中的表达失误


二、表示好处

1、It has the following advantages。

2、It does us a lot of good。

3、It benefits us quite a lot。

4、It is beneficial to us。

5、It is of great benefit to us。

例如:

Books are like friends. They can help us know the world better, and they can open our minds and widen our horizons. Therefore, reading extensively is of great benefit to us。


三、表示坏处

1、It has more disadvantages than advantages。

2、It does us much harm。

3、It is harmful to us。

例如:

However, everything divides into two. Television can also be harmful to us. It can do harm to our health and make us lazy if we spend too much time watching television。


四、表示重要、必要、困难、方便、可能

1、It is important(necessary, difficult, convenient, possible、for sb. to do sth。

2、We think it necessary to do sth。

3、It plays an important role in our life。

例如:

Computers are now being used everywhere, whether in the government, in schools or in business. Soon, computers will be found in every home, too. We have good reason to say that computers are playing an increasingly important role in our life and we have stepped into the Computer Age。


五、表示措施

1、We should take some effective measures。

2、We should try our best to overcome (conquer、the difficulties。

3、We should do our utmost in doing sth。

4、We should solve the problems that we are confronted(faced、with。

例如:

The housing problem that we are confronted with is becoming more and more serious. Therefore, we must take some effective measures to solve it。


托福考试的同义句互换整理清单图2


托福写作部分


一、表示变化

1、Some changes have taken place in the past five years。

2、A great change will certainly be produced in the world’s communications。

3、The computer has brought about many changes in education。

例如:

Some changes have taken place in people’s diet in the past five years. The major reasons for these changes are not far to seek. Nowadays, more and more people are switching from grain to meat for protein, and from fruit and vegetable to milk for vitamins。


二、表示事实、现状

1、We cannot ignore the fact that.。。

2、No one can deny the fact that.。。

3、There is no denying the fact that.。。

4、This is a phenomenon that many people are interested in。

5、However, that’s not the case。

例如:

We cannot ignore the fact that industrialization brings with it the problems of pollution. To solve these problems, we can start by educating the public about the hazards of pollution. The government on its part should also design stricter laws to promote a cleaner environment。


三、表示比较

1、Compared with A, B.。。

2、I prefer to read rather than watch TV。

3、There is a striking contrast between them。

例如:

Compared with cars, bicycles have several advantages besides being affordable. Firstly, they do not consume natural resources of petroleum. Secondly, they do not cause the pollution problem. Last but not least, they contribute to people’s health by giving them due physical exercise。


四、表示数量

1、It has increased (decreased、from...to.。。

2、The population in this city has now increased (decreased、to 800,000.

3、The output of July in this factory increased by 15% compared with that of January。

例如:

With the improvement of the living standard, the proportion of people’s income spent on food has decreased while that spent on education has increased。

再如:

From the graph listed above, it can be seen that student use of computers has increased from an average of less than two hours per week in 1990 to 20 hours in 2000.


五、表示看法

1、People have (take, adopt, assume、different attitudes towards sth。

2、People have different opinions on this problem。

3、People take different views of (on、the question。

4、Some people believe that...Others argue that.。。

例如:

People have different attitudes towards failure. Some believe that failure leads to success。

Every failure they experience translates into a greater chance of success at their renewed endeavor. However, others are easily discouraged by failures and put themselves into the category of losers。

再如:

Do “lucky numbers” really bring good luck? Different people have different views on it。

注:一个段落有时很适宜以问句开始,考生应掌握这一写作方法。


六、表示结论

1、In short, it can be said that .。。

2、It may be briefly summed up as follows。

3、From what has been mentioned above, we can come to the conclusion that .。。

例如:

From what has been mentioned above, we can come to the conclusion that examination is necessary, however, its method should be improved。

注:例句1可用于任何一个段落的结论句;例句3则多用于文章结论段的第一句。


以上就是托福备考中常见的同义句的互换,以及句式的写法和实例分享,希望各位同学备考托福的时候,也能掌握并运用好这些句式,让自己的托福更加具有句式上的丰富和多样性,获得八月托福考官更高的评价拿到理想的成绩。

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