- 2018年04月18日19:41 来源：小站整理作者：小站托福编辑
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4 Explain the concept of impression management, using the examples provided by the professor.
Preparation Time: 30 Seconds
Response Time: 60 Seconds
Reading Time: 45 seconds
According to some sociologists, as we go about our lives, we try to control or manage the impression that we make on others in social situations. When we do this, we are practicing what sociologists call impression management. Even in everyday, ordinary interactions, we make special preparations—sometimes unconsciously—to convey certain Information about ourselves that influences how others perceive us. These preparations often involve our personal appearance—how we look during the social interaction— as well as the social setting, which is the place where the social interaction occurs.
In the reading, the article talks about impression management, which means they way we manage or control our impressions that we make on others. In the listening, the professor giving out two examples to illustrate this title. First, when a student is going to give a presentation to the whole class, he may dress up a little bit more formally than usual. In this way, he could make others aware that he take this presentation very seriously, that he’s come prepared and that he wants to presents to them a high-quality presentation. Another example is that once when the professor gave the president of the university a ride to a meeting across town, he had taken the trash out of his back seat and even had his car washed the day before he gave the president a ride. When the president got into his car, he turned the radio to the classical music station which seemed more sophisticated. The reason why he did all these things is because he wanted to make a good impression on the president. Therefore, by giving out these two examples, the professor explains what is meant by impression management.