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TPO53托福听力Lecture3原文题目及解析

2018年04月13日13:31 来源:小站整理
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TPO53托福听力Lecture3原文题目及解析图1

TPO 53 Lecture3听力原文文本

The History Of Tea

Listen to part of a lecture in a world history class.

Professor: Now, according to Chinese legend, the first person to drink tea was a Chinese emperor who lived nearly 5000 years ago. This emperor was, oh, you could call him an amateur scientist. And he wisely required all drinking water to be boiled for hygiene. So, once, emm, when visiting some distant part of his empire, he noticed that a breeze had blown some leaves into his pot of boiling water and these leaves turned the water kind of brown. So, well, would it be your first impulse to drink this? Probably not. But he thought the resulting brews smell pretty good. And in the name of science and discovery, he tasted it. And the practice of drinking tea was born.

Oh, well, a good story. But actually we cannot say with any certainty just who first discovered how to make tea. We can be confident though, that the Chinese have been using it in some form for close to 5000 years. And from those earliest times, more and more tea was cultivated to meet the growing demand, and tea became an important part of the economy of China. In fact, it was formed into sort of bricks, and used as a common type of currency for trade. But its effect on Chinese culture was even more profound. Tea became extremely popular in China, and scholars even wrote works discussing how to grow tea, prepare it, drink it, really championing tea; one of them saying it was like the sweetest dew of heaven.

Now, recommendations like this could only add to its huge popularity there. But tea was also spreading throughout Asia. In Japan, perhaps even more than in China, tea became a major cultural symbol, and one of refinement of etiquetteand aesthetics. Well, best seen in the traditional Japanese tea ceremony, which is still performed today. This is an intricate formal ritual, emm, ceremony that can take hours to complete.Clearly, tea became not just a beverage in Japanese culture but much much more. Tea eventually got to western Europe, after European traders, mainly Portuguese and Dutch, brought the first small commercial shipment of tea back to Europe. Unfortunately, it was mostly just treated as a curiosity, since no one knew quite how it was supposed to be used.

A few has some pretty strong opinions though. One German doctor wrote a book saying tea was harmful, actually poisonous. But at about the same time, another doctor from Holland wrote another book calling tea ‘a miracle cure for just about everything’. Who to believe?

So, anyway, tea didn’t really catch on in Germany or France, as something just to enjoy drinking, they seem to prefer coffee. But England did take to tea. And to an extent that nobody could have foreseen. Such that, even today we tend to associate England, Great Britain with tea. And, well, a bit of perspective, at the start of the 18th century, almost nobody in England drank tea. But by the end of it, almost everybody did. By the 1750s, official records show tea imports up from almost nothing to about 20 million kilos. And those records didn’t even begin to account for all the tea smuggled into the country illegally to avoid paying taxes. And as for reasons for the popularity of tea there, well, tea first became fashionable after the king of England married a Portuguese princess who loved tea. And pretty soon, more and more people started copying her and drinking tea. Later, when a direct trade route was established between China and England, the supply of tea greatly increased. Most important though, tea drinking became sociable. And although coffee houses or tavern were generally considered to be for men only, tea shops became places where women could come. And even bring their families. And soon there were tea parties, books on tea etiquette, and even tea gardens—parks filled with lights and walkways and venues for musical performances, places where people of all social classes could go to drink tea and socialize. By the end of the 18th century, all classes of English society drank tea, from royalty to common workers. Tea became a staple of everyday life, part of the common culture, and traditionally considered by many, the very mark of being English.

TPO53托福听力Lecture3题目

Question 1 of 6

What is the main purpose of the lecture?

A. To give reasons for the rise in popularity of tea drinking in England

B. To trace the historical development of tea drinking around the world

C. To contrast Asian tea drinking practices with European ones

D. To show why tea drinking developed into a formal cultural ritual

Question 2 of 6

What is the professor's opinion about the origin of tea drinking?

A. She is pleased that it was a scientist that made the discovery.

B. She believes that the story of the Chinese emperor is historically accurate.

C. She doubts that tea drinking actually had its origin in China.

D. She thinks that the true origin of tea drinking may never be known.

Question 3 of 6

The professor discusses the role of tea in China, Japan, and England. What does she emphasize as an important effect that tea had in all three countries?

A. The tea trade led to more efficient business practices in each country.

B. Tea drinking improved the health of people in all three countries.

C. Tea drinking became a part of each country's cultural identity.

D. The use of tea supported the existing class structure of each country.

Question 4 of 6

According to the professor, why was tea NOT popular at first when it was brought to Europe?

A. It was of poor quality.

B. Most people could not afford it.

C. Most people thought it was dangerous.

D. People did not know what to do with it.

Question 5 of 6

What does the professor imply about eighteenth-century records of the amount of tea imported into England?

A. They somewhat exaggerate the importance of the tea trade in that century.

B. They show that demand for tea remained low until the end of the century.

C. They are inaccurate because so much tea was imported illegally.

D. They provide proof that the tea trade led to periods of economic crisis.

Question6 of 6

Indicate whether each of the following is a reason the professor gives for the increased popularity of tea in England.

Click in the correct boxes

Is a Reason Given Is Not a Reason Given

The King announced that people should drink more tea.

Many people wanted to imitate the new Queen.

A direct shipping route helped increase the supply of tea.

Tea drinking became a social activity appropriate for everyone.

People became more aware of the health benefits of tea.

TPO53托福听力Lecture3答案解析

正确答案:B

题目解析:本题定位到原文:Now, according to Chinese legend, the first person to drink tea was a Chinese emperor who lived nearly 5000 years ago. 此处原文的大意是:开头教授就直接开始讲述茶的起源,听完全文后也会发现,通篇都在讲茶是如何为人们所发明、并且一步步广为流行的。 题干问的是讲座的大意是什么。 选项A的意思是提出英国茶叶流行的原因,选项B的意思是追踪世界上大家喝茶的历史上的发展,选项C的意思是对比亚洲和欧洲的喝茶方式,选项D的意思是展示为什么喝茶会发展成为正式的文化仪式。选项B正确。其余三个选项不合适。

正确答案:D

题目解析:本题定位到原文:Oh, well, a good story. But actually we cannot say with any certainty just who first discovered how to make tea. 此处原文的大意是:这里教授说,前面她讲的中国皇帝因为茶叶掉到开水里而发明了泡茶只是一个很好的故事,实际上我们也没法确切地知道到底是谁最初发明出泡茶的方法的。 题干问的是教授对于喝茶起源的看法是什么。 选项A的意思是她很开心是一位科学家发现了茶,选项B的意思是她相信中国皇帝的故事在历史上是真的,选项C的意思是她怀疑喝茶实际上起源于中国,选项D的意思是她认为茶的真实起源可能永远不会为人所知。选项D合适。其余三个选项均不符合原文。

正确答案:C

题目解析:本题定位到原文:But tea was also spreading through wide Asia. In Japan, perhaps even more than in China, tea became a major culture symbol, and one of refinements of educate and aesthetics. …… Tea became a stable of everyday life, part of the common culture, and traditionally considered by many, the very mark of being English. 此处原文的大意是:这里教授先后提到了日本中国和英国三个国家的茶历史,最后都是把话题引到了茶构成了这三个国家的文化的一部分上面。 题干问的是作者在提到这三个国家喝茶的时候,在强调什么。 选项A的意思是茶叶贸易导致了每一个国家更有效率的商业实践,选项B的意思是喝茶帮助三个国家的人改善了健康,选项C的意思是喝茶变成了每个国家的文化,选项D的意思是茶的使用支持了现存的每个国家的阶级结构。选项C符合原文,其余三个选项均不符合。

正确答案:D

题目解析:本题定位到原文:Tea eventually got to Western Europe, after European traders, mainly Portuguese and Dutch, brought the first small commercial shipment of tea back to Europe. Unfortunately, it was mostly just treated as a curiosity, since no one knew quite how it supposed to be used. 此处原文的大意是:这里教授说,茶在刚刚传入欧洲的时候,人们只是出于好奇心而买,但是因为不知道该怎么喝,所以就没有流行起来。 题干问的是为什么茶叶在刚进入欧洲时并不怎么受欢迎。 选项A的意思是因为质量不好,选项B的意思是大多数人买不起,选项C的意思是大多数人认为茶是危险的,选项D的意思是人们不知道该怎么用它。选项D符合原文,其余三个选项则均不合适。

正确答案:C

题目解析:本题定位到原文:But by the end of it, almost everybody did. By the 1750s, official records show tea imports up from almost nothing to about 20million kilos. And those records didn’t even begin to account all for the tea smuggle into the country illegally to avoid paying taxes. 此处原文的大意是:这里教授说,尽管官方统计茶叶的进口量已经很高了,但是其实还有一些茶叶是通过不合法渠道偷渡进来的,所以应该茶叶的进口量还得更高。 题干问的是教授对于18世纪茶叶进口的说法可以推理出什么。 选项A的意思是在某种程度上夸大了茶叶贸易的重要性,选项B的意思是证明了茶叶的需求量一直很低一直到世纪末,选项C的意思是它们很不准确,因为很多茶是非法进口的,选项D的意思是它们提供了茶叶贸易导致经济危机周期的证据。选项C符合原文,其余三个选项则不合适。

正确答案:BAAAB

题目解析:本题定位到原文:And as for the reasons for the popularity of tea there, well, tea first became fashionable after the king of England married a Portuguese princess who loved tea. And pretty soon, more and more people started copying her and drinking tea. Later, when a direct trade route was established between China and England, the supply of tea greatly increased. Most important though, tea drinking became sociable. And although coffee houses or tavern were generally considered to be for man only, tea shops became places where women could come. 此处原文的大意是:这里教授提出了三点茶在英国流行的原因,第一点是人们喜欢模仿爱喝茶的新王后,第二点是贸易路线的打通方便了茶叶输入,第三点是喝茶成为了社交的新方式。 题干问的是哪些是原文中提出的原因,哪些是没有提过的。 选项1的意思是国王宣布人们应该多喝茶,选项2的意思是很多人想模仿新皇后,选项3的意思是直接的船运航线帮助增加了茶叶的供应,选项4的意思是喝茶变成了适合每一个人的社交活动,选项5的意思是人们变得越来越意识到茶对健康的好处。选项2/3/4都在原文中提到了,剩下的两个没有提到。

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