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托福听力|北美校园场景表达集锦(上)

2018年04月10日11:25 来源:小站整理
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摘要:托福听力涉及大量的校园学习生活场景。因此掌握必要的北美校园场景词汇短语会有效助力我们的托福备考。

托福考试着重于在高等教育和学术环境下的语言使用,因此各单项选取材料与话题都与真实的美国大学校园学习与生活密切相关,下面我们就来看看和北美大学校园场景密切相关的一些常用表达吧!

托福听力|北美校园场景表达集锦(上)图1

1.orientation meeting/session [.ɔ:rien'teiʃən] 新生情况介绍会

Ex: The University has arranged an orientation session.

2.professor’s office hour 教授答疑时间

Ex: Many freshmen are uncertain or shy about utilizing a professor’s office hours.

3.lecture ['lektʃə] n. 演讲,讲课

Ex: Several hundred people are expected to attend the lecture.

4.lecture hall n. 讲堂,讲演厅,报告厅

Ex: The lecture hall was jammed when the professor arrived at the very last moment.

5.tutorial [tju:'tɔ:riəl] n. 个别指导

Ex: Small group tutorials are used to discuss problems which come up in lectures.

6.deadline ['dedlain] n. 最后期限,截止时间

Ex: There's no way I can meet that deadline.

7.overdue ['əuvə'dju:] adj. 过期的

Ex: I must take these books back to the library - they're overdue.

There is a fine if the reserved library books are even one hour overdue.

8.schedule ['skedʒul] n. 时间表,计划 v. 安排,计划

Ex: According to the schedule, the first lecture begins at 9.00 am The test is scheduled to begin in one hour.

9.time slot [slɔt] 时间空档

Ex: If you have two final exams scheduled at the same time, you will have to move one exam to another time slot.

10.signature ['signitʃə] n. 签字,签名

Ex: Each child must obtain the signature of his or her parents

11.thesis ['θi:sis] n. 毕业论文

Ex: a master's/doctoral thesis on the effects of global warming.

12.dissertation [.disə'teiʃən] n. 论文

Ex: He wrote his dissertation on an obscure 16th-century poet.

13.course [kɔ:s] n. 课程

Ex: compulsory/required/mandatory course;elective course, optional course;foundation course,introductory course, intermediate level course,advanced course

14.elective [i'lektiv] n. 选修科目

Ex: She took three electives last term.

15.option ['ɔpʃən] n. 选修科目

Ex: She is taking French as an option next year

16.assignment [ə'sainmənt] n. 功课,任务

Ex: I have a lot of reading assignments to complete before the end of term.

17.presentation [.prezen'teiʃən] n. (国外学生在课堂上所做的)演讲

Ex: The speaker gave an interesting presentation on urban transport.

18.field work 野外考察,实地考察

Ex:Offered by most departments for academic credit, field work enables students to examine the way the theories and the practical experiences of a particular discipline interact.

19.attendance [ə'tendəns] n. 出勤, 上课

Ex: Attendance at lectures is compulsory.

20.skip/miss classes 缺课, 旷课

Ex: He skipped chemistry class three times last month

21.tuition fees 学费

Ex: Many students will not have to pay tuition fees if their financial situation is below a certain level.

22.course syllabus ['siləbəs] 课程大纲

Ex: Course syllabus lists the course objectives, required reading assignments, examination dates, and other course requirements such as attendance

23.handout ['hændaut] n 讲义

Ex: I e-mailed you about getting the handouts from the class I missed the other day.

24.semester=term [si'mestə] n. 学期

Ex: How many subjects are you studying this semester

25.practicum ['præktikəm] n. 实习科目,实习课

Ex: A practicum is a college course, often in a specialized field of study, that is designed to give students supervised practical application of a previously or concurrently studied theory.

26.placement service 就业办公室

Ex: Placement service is a campus office that provides job listings from local or campus employees and assists students in finding full-time jobs after graduation is a/an

27.take on a part-time job 找兼职工作

Ex: He had taken a part-time job selling all-natural products.

28.transfer [træns'fə:] v. 转班, 转学

Ex: I was able to transfer my credits from summer school

29.extension [iks'tenʃən] n. 延期

Ex: Donald's been given an extension to finish his thesis

30.examination [ig.zæmi'neiʃən] n. 考试

Ex: The examination results will be announced in September.

31.pop quiz 突击考试

Ex: We have a history quiz every Monday.

32.mid-term exam 期中考试

Ex: Alison has a history midterm next week.

33.final exam 期末考试

Ex: The final exam for this class will be on May 21st.

34.teaching assistant 助教

Ex: A teaching assistant (TA) is an individual who assists a professor or teacher with instructional responsibilities.

35.instructor=lecturer [in'strʌktə] n. 教师,讲师

Ex: He's a poetry instructor at a local community college.

36.spring break 春季学期间的短假期

Ex: In the United States, the timing of spring break in tertiary institutions may range from the beginning of March to the later part of April, but many schools are in recess for at least one of the weeks in March

37.review [ri'vju:] vt. 温习, 复习(go over)

Ex:We'll spend this week reviewing for the final.

38.tutor ['tju:tə] n. 家庭教师

Ex: His tutor encouraged him to read widely in philosophy.

39.tutoring 家庭辅导

Ex: I have to do some tutoring to pay my tuition fees.

Tutoring can be defined as people who are not professional teachers helping and supporting the learning of others in an interactive, purposeful and systematic way.

40.internship ['intə:nʃip] n. 实习

Ex: Jane has a summer internship at a local TV station.

41.assistantship [ə'sistənt.ʃip] n. 研究生助教奖学金

Ex: Graduate students have several sources of funding, but perhaps the most common is the assistantship.

42.gym/sports center/health center 健身中心

Ex: I try and work out at the local gym once a week.

43.lost and found 失物招领处

Ex: A lost and found is an office in the university where students can go to retrieve lost articles that may have been found by other students.

44.health insurance 医疗保险

Ex: A health insurance policy is a contract between an insurance company and an individual.

45.student I.D. number 学号

Ex: Students have an I.D number, with which they login onto the school's website and access assignments.

46.snack bar 小吃店

Ex: A snack bar is a place where you can buy snacks or small meals.

47.online course 网络课程

Ex: Online courses enable us to extend the opportunity of studying with the University of Oxford to students anywhere in the world, in a way that fits with the busiest of lives.

48.plagiarism ['pleidʒiərizəm] n. 剽窃

Ex: The journal accused the professor of plagiarism.

49.curriculum [kə'rikjuləm] n. 课程,全部课程

Ex: Languages are an essential part of the school curriculum.

50.audit ['ɔ:dit] 旁听

Ex: As a senior citizen, he is allowed to audit university classes.

51.multiple choice questions 多项选择题

Ex: A multiple choice examination or question shows several possible answers, and you have to choose the correct one.

52.grade, score, mark 分数 成绩

Ex: Tim worked hard and got good grades.

The school's test scores have not improved

Her marks have been a lot lower this term

53.GPA 平均成绩点数 (=grade point average)

Ex: A cumulative grade point average is calculated as an indicator of overall academic performance in a program and is used as a criterion for graduation requirements

54.with honours ['ɔnəz] n. 优异成绩

Ex: If you complete a school or university qualification with honours, you achieve a high standard.

55.the stacks [plural] 书架

Ex: I couldn't find the book in the stacks.

56.commencement [kə'mensmənt] n. 毕业典礼 (=graduation ceremony)

Ex: During commencement degrees or diplomas are given to students who have graduated from a school or college.

57.report card/grade report Ex: In most places, the report card is issued by the school to the student or the student's parents twice or four times yearly.

58.abstract ['æbstrækt] n. 摘要

Ex: There is a section at the end of the magazine which includes abstracts of recent articles/books.

59.summary ['sʌməri] n. 摘要

Ex: At the end of the news, they often give you a summary of the main news stories.

60.Literature Review ['litərətʃə] 文献综述

Ex: The ultimate goal of literature review is to bring the reader up to date with current literature on a topic.


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