- 2017年09月25日18:49 来源：小站整理
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|Thesis 总论点||A fund should be established to make regular payments for forests.||The payment can not bring about these there benefits mentioned in the reading|
|Sub-point 1||Reducing agricultural damage by preventing farmers from using forests as farmland for agriculture.||If forests are not allowed to be transformed into farmlands, food will be deficient. In order to generate more food, intensive methods will be used, thus aggravating damage.|
|Sub-point2||Helping the habitants living in the forest.||The payment will not improve the forest habitants’ lives for money are first received by local government and landlords who are not forest villagers.|
|Sub-point 3||Promoting biodiversity.||Biodiversity can not be improved for those payment will be used for plantation forest, man-made one, in which only trees of great commercial use are planted, for example, in some plantation forest only tung trees and walnut trees grow.|
The reading appeals to the view that establishing a fund to make regular payments for forests is a plausible suggestion for it can protect environment. However, the professor refutes the three benefits mentioned in the reading.
Firstly, the reading holds that such suggestion can reduce agricultural damage by preventing farmers from using forests as farmlands for agriculture. The professor disagrees with this by suggesting that if forests are not allowed to be transformed into farmlands, food will be deficient. In order to generate more food, intensive technology will be used, thus aggravating damage to environment.
Secondly, by illustrating the fact that local governments and landlords who are not forest villagers will first receive the payment, the professor refutes the reading’s claim that the payment can improve the forest habitants’ lives.
Finally, in the reading passage, it explains that the plan can promote biodiversity. In contrast, the professor holds that biodiversity will not be improved because the payment will be used for plantation forest, man-made one, in which only trees of great commercial use will be planted. For example, in some plantation forests only tung trees and walnut trees grow.