- 2017年09月18日16:03 来源：小站教育作者：小站托福编辑
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Heinrich Schliemann discovered a golden mask of warrior king. He claimed that the golden mask is the Mask of Agamemnon. However, the archaeology industry suspects that the golden mask is a fake. There are three reasons for that.
Firstly, Schliemann has a reputation of faking his discovery and excavation. He used to buy an antique from a craftsman and claim that the item is from ancient Greek until it was identified a fake. Therefore, the golden mask is very suspicious and Schliemann is incredible.
Secondly, some features of the golden mask are different from the authentic golden masks from Ancient Greek. Ancient Greek golden masks have very flat appearance and no pointed hairs. The golden mask of warrior king discovered by Schliemann has very well-defined lips and pointed beard. Therefore, the golden mask is a fake.
Thirdly, Schliemann immediately shut down the site where the golden mask is discovered after he found the golden mask. This is a very suspicious behavior. Usually archeologist will continue to excavate the site in the hope of finding more cultural information about the discovery, such as the historical context and identify whose mask it is. More information about the mask could have been discovered to identify the mask, however, Schliemann close the site in a rush, revealing his afraid of being found that the mask is a fake.
Though many archeologists think the golden mask of warrior king is a fake, but I think that is an authentic item from Ancient Greek. There are three reasons to refute the points in the passage.
Firstly, Schliemann did have a reputation of faking discovery and excavation. However, for this mask, it’s not easy to fake. The Greek government is familiar with Schliemann’s reputation of dishonesty and specifically assigned a supervisor to closely supervise and monitor Schliemann’s work of excavation. If Schliemann really cheated on this discovery, it’s hard to do so without being caught by the supervisor.
Secondly, a golden mask of lion from Ancient Greek, which was proved an authentic antique, was compared with the golden mask of warrior king. The golden lion mask also has three-dimensioned lips and nose, and all pointed hair. All the features are comparable to the golden mask of warrior king.
Thirdly, the timing of the site being shut down immediately after the golden mask was discovered can be explained. Schliemann was not a real archeologist but a treasure hunter. It fitted a treasure hunter’s habit to close the site immediately after he depleted all the valuable things in the site. Therefore, Schliemann’s behavior of shutting down the site is not suspicious.
Question: summarize the points in the lecture, make sure how they oppose the specific points in the reading message.
The writer presents that there are several factors to demonstrate the mask found by Heinrich Schliemann is a fake, while the professor proves that the mask is genuine and the arguments in the reading are not convincing.
First, the writer says Schliemann had a history of fake discoveries. However, the professor suggests that because Schliemann had a bad reputation, his discoveries would be examined very closely by others. And there were many Greek supervisors guarded the site, which make it impossible that Schliemann could put the mask into the site without being found.
Second, as for the notable differences between the mask and other genuine ancient Greek masks found in other tombs, the professor points out that an old mask found in the same site was familiar with the mask found by Schliemann. The two masks have similar lines in mouth and sharp beard.
Finally, the lecturer provides a good explanation for Schliemann’s quick close of the site. Different from today’s archeologists, the ancient archeologists were only treasure hunters who just had interests in finding valuable objects and did not care about the culture of the objects. When Schliemann found the site had no valuable objects, he chose to close the site immediately.(203 words)