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2018-11-11小站托福类综合写作机经

[真题直达]18年11月11日托福综合写作预测机经 核心版

更新时间:2018-11-06 16:46          

摘要:2018年11月11日托福综合写作核心预测机经题目全部出自小站2010-2017托福题库,均为历年真题。听力部分和阅读部分的答题和得分要点均已囊括在机经中。2017年,综合写作的新题数量与往年相比明显增加。新题和旧题的比率大致呈对半开的趋势。同样,从题材分类来看,2017年综合写作部分考查最多的是生物类,其次是考古类、历史类和环境类,其他题材考到的频次相对较少。和往年相同,生物、考古、历史等话题一直是综合写作的热门题材,所以2018年将延续这种趋势,同学们可以有针对性地复习。11月11日的toefler,加油!

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11月11日机经预测

11月11日考试说明

托福机经题量说明

科目

数量

词汇机经

400

阅读机经

40

听力机经

15篇(5 Conversation+10 Lecture)

大范围

小范围

独立口语

100

50

综合口语

120

60

独立写作

80

40

综合写作

80

40


托福综合写作 Integrated Writing 共40题

第1题 来源:大陆 话题分类:Biology 属性:小范围核心预测

话题
【题目】Whether the declining of bison was caused by the European American settlers.
阅读要点
【阅读】About bison, a kind of animal, something like cattle or horse. The passage suggests that the declining bison was due to the European American settlers: 1. When European American cross prairies, they hunted bison as food because there is no food in prairies. 2. They brought cattle and horses, which competed with bison for resources. 3. The evolving technology, especially guns, let hunters kill several bison in a short time.
听力要点
【听力】The professor contradicts each of these three points: 1. The European American moved from east to west, but the bison decline in the western part of America. The pattern of how bison disappeared gradually was different from that of movement of European American. 2. Bison have double furs covering their bodies and unique head structure, which allow them to live in harsher and colder areas. The areas were unreachable for cattle and horses. How could different spices compete with each other in separate territories? 3. The advanced technology should not be blame worthy for the decreasing bison. The ancient methods are as effectively as guts. Skilled ancient American hunters could kill several bison with short intervals.

第2题 来源:大陆 话题分类:Archaeology 属性:小范围核心预测

话题
【题目】Arizona发现一个2亿年前的虫子的巢化石是不是蜂巢。
阅读要点
【阅读】 很多人认为这是蜂巢,但这是不可信的。 1. 2亿年前还没有蜜蜂,哪里来的蜂巢; 2. 2亿年前连flowering plants都没有,怎么会有需要吃花蜜的蜜蜂; 3. 现代蜜蜂的巢都有个盖子cap,那个化石没有,所以这个巢很可能是其他虫子的。
听力要点
【听力】 反对,这个化石是蜂巢。 1. 没有发现有200百万年前的蜜蜂化石不代表没有200百万年前的蜜蜂,那时候蜜蜂筑巢的树比较难留下来,所以没有化石也正常。 2. 古时候的蜜蜂就一定要吃花蜜吗?他们不能吃nonflowering plants吗? 3. 没有盖子cap可能因为化学原因, 腐蚀掉了什么的,再说为什么要跟modern bee一样呢?

第3题 来源:大陆 话题分类:Biology 属性:小范围核心预测

话题
【题目】犀鸟(toucan bird)的巨大的鸟嘴的三种功能。
阅读要点
【阅读】3 reasons can explain why toucan evolved a bill. 1. Weapons against predators 2. Color and shape to hide from predator 3. Get rid of excess body heat
听力要点
【听力】None of the 3 reasons about the bill’s function is reasonable. 1. It cannot function as weapons. It is made of hollow bones filled with air, so it is thin and lightweight or else it cannot fly. If it is used as a weapon, it will be easily damaged in activities like jabbing. 2. They have to call out to each other in order to use the color and shape to blend into surrounding areas. If they do this, they are going to draw attention from predators. 3. Healthy toucan does not use their bills. They need bill to get rid of heat in the daytime but at night when the temperature is lower, they do not. They then need to retain body heat.

第4题 来源:大陆 话题分类:Archaeology 属性:小范围核心预测

话题
【题目】考古学家Schliemann发现的金面具到底是不是真的。mask到底是不是真的
阅读要点
【阅读】Heinrich Schliemann discovered a golden mask of warrior king. He claimed that the golden mask is the Mask of Agamemnon. However, the archaeology industry suspects that the golden mask is a fake. There are three reasons for that. 1. Firstly, Schliemann has a reputation of faking his discovery and excavation. He used to buy an antique from a craftsman and claim that the item is from ancient Greek until it was identified a fake. Therefore, the golden mask is very suspicious and Schliemann is incredible. 2. Secondly, some features of the golden mask are different from the authentic golden masks from Ancient Greek. Ancient Greek golden masks have very flat appearance and no pointed hairs. The golden mask of warrior king discovered by Schliemann has very well-defined lips and pointed beard. Therefore, the golden mask is a fake. 3. Thirdly, Schliemann immediately shut down the site where the golden mask is discovered after he found the golden mask. This is a very suspicious behavior. Usually archeologist will continue to excavate the site in the hope of finding more cultural information about the discovery, such as the historical context and identify whose mask it is. More information about the mask could have been discovered to identify the mask, however, Schliemann close the site in a rush, revealing his afraid of being found that the mask is a fake.
听力要点
【听力】Though many archeologists think the golden mask of warrior king is a fake, but I think that is an authentic item from Ancient Greek. There are three reasons to refute the points in the passage. 1. Firstly, Schliemann did have a reputation of faking discovery and excavation. However, for this mask, it's not easy to fake. The Greek government is familiar with Schliemann's reputation of dishonesty and specifically assigned a supervisor to closely supervise and monitor Schliemann's work of excavation. If Schliemann really cheated on this discovery, it's hard to do so without being caught by the supervisor. 2. Secondly, a golden mask of lion from Ancient Greek, which was proved an authentic antique, was compared with the golden mask of warrior king. The golden lion mask also has three-dimensioned lips and nose, and all pointed hair. All the features are comparable to the golden mask of warrior king. 3. Thirdly, the timing of the site being shut down immediately after the golden mask was discovered can be explained. Schliemann was not a real archeologist but a treasure hunter. It fitted a treasure hunter's habit to close the site immediately after he depleted all the valuable things in the site. Therefore, Schliemann's behavior of shutting down the site is not suspicious.

第5题 来源:大陆 话题分类:Biology 属性:小范围核心预测

话题
【题目】防止蝙蝠白鼻综合征 (WNS)的方式。
阅读要点
【阅读】Suggestions to fight White Nose Syndrome (a kind of fungus killed lots of North American bats in the past few years) 1. One suggestion is restricting people to access the caves where bats live, because fungus can be spread cave to cave by riding on people’s clothes. 2. The second suggestion is studying a species of bats that is resistant to fungus. 3. The third suggestion is heating the cave.
听力要点
【听力】Refute the three explanations mentioned in reading passage. 1. The lecturer refutes the point by saying that people are not main factors to help spread fungus, and it is bats themselves that spread the fungus, because in some caves where people cannot access, there’s fungus still. 2. Resistance is formed during the process of complex biological evolution. And understanding the process needs decades. However, the bats will die out in 10 years if there’s no effective remedy. 3. Bats die because the fungus wakes them up and forces them to face starvation. If the caves are heated, bats will be unable to sleep and thus suffer the starvation. Therefore this suggestion will make the situation worse.