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托福独立口语冲刺段真题训练 A boss or a manager should not form a close relationship with their employees.

2018年04月28日17:52 来源:小站整理
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摘要:托福口语是中国考生普遍低分的单项,而提分无他捷径,唯有多加练习反思。练习的过程中大家也要注意结合自身基础和备考阶段,选择适合的练习材料。下面的这篇托福独立口语真题难度较大,适合冲刺阶段或者英语基础较好的考生拿来做练习,大家可以结合参考答案和笔记大纲,做好备考训练。

托福口语是中国考生普遍低分的单项,而提分无他捷径,唯有多加练习反思。练习的过程中大家也要注意结合自身基础和备考阶段,选择适合的练习材料。下面的这篇托福独立口语真题难度较大,适合冲刺阶段或者英语基础较好的考生拿来做练习,大家可以结合参考答案和笔记大纲,做好备考训练。

托福独立口语冲刺段真题训练 A boss or a manager should not form a close relationship with their employees.图1

A boss or a manager should not form a close relationship with their employees.

老板应不应该与员工建立密切的关系?

I don't think that a close relationship between managers and employees is possible.

Managers are inherently on unequal footing with employees. A manager's job is to judge the employees' work and make decisions that could influence their livelihoods. Managers thus need to be objective enough to honestly evaluate the employees' work and give direct feedback. If they are friends, their ability to judge things fairly will be impaired.

What's more, this kind of friendship is unhealthy. Unlike friendship, the relationship between managers and employees is not a relationship between equals. The employee's job is at least partially to satisfy the manager's expectations, anticipate what the manager wants from them, and at times suppress what they want in favor of what the manager wants. And who wants to receive critical work-related feedback from someone they were having drinks with last night and dishing about their relationship troubles? So, in my own view, developing a close relationship between managers and employees is not recommended.

我不认为经理和员工之间有密切的关系。首先,经理们天生就与员工有着不平等的关系。经理的工作是判断员工的工作,并决定影响他们的生计。因此,管理者必须客观地诚实地评估员工的工作并给予直接反馈。如果他们是朋友,就不太可能公正地评判事情,而且这种友谊是不健康的。与友谊不同,经理和员工之间的关系不是平等的关系。员工的工作至少部分是为了满足经理的期望,期望经理从他们那里得到什么,有时会颠覆他们想要的,而不是经理想要的。谁想从他们有饮料昨晚抛出他们的人际关系问题的接收重要工作的反馈?因此,在我看来,不推荐管理人员和员工之间建立密切的关系。

笔记

1. Outline

经理和员工不应该保持紧密关系 R1: relationship will affect manager’s ability and judgement 会影响经理的能力和判断力 R2: this relationship is unhealthy 关系不健康

2. Vocabulary

on unequal footing with 立于不平等地位… suppress 推翻 颠覆 critical 批判性的 dishing about 八卦

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